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COBRA: Coordinating Organic Plant Breeding Activities for Diversity

{Project} COBRA: COBRA: Coordinating Organic Plant Breeding Activities for Diversity. Runs 2013 - 2016. Project Leader(s): Pearce, Dr Bruce, The Organic Research Centre .

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Summary

Organic plant production is currently challenged by several pressure factors. Along with perennial problems such as weed control, climate change is threatening to affect crop production through increasing weather variability. Plant breeding is a crucial factor in creating organic crop production systems that can better cope with such interacting stresses and producers need crop varieties with (a) good resistance against pests and diseases, esp. seed borne diseases; (b) the ability to react to environmental, esp. climatic variability; and (c) high competitiveness against weeds. COBRA aims to support and develop organic plant breeding and seed production with a focus on increasing the use and potential of plant material with High genetic Diversity (Hi-D) in cereals (wheat and barley) and grain legumes (pea and faba bean) through coordinating, linking and expanding existing breeding and research. Although Hi-D-based systems have shown promising results in organic systems and are currently subject to intensive research, their benefits can at present not be exploited, due to agronomic, regulatory and other hurdles. Also, it is currently unclear which plant breeding approaches, Hi-D-based or else, are most efficient to breed varieties for organic agriculture. Therefore, COBRA aims (1): To improve methods ensuring seed quality and health; (2) to determine the potential to increase resilience, adaptability, and overall performance in organic systems by using crop diversity at various levels; (3) to improve breeding efficiency and to develop novel breeding methods to enhance and maintain crop diversity; (4) to identify and remove structural barriers to organic plant breeding and seed production; and (5) to improve networking and dissemination in organic plant breeding. COBRA’s strength is its focus on coordinating, linking and expanding ongoing organic breeding activities in cereals and grain legumes across Europe, drawing together experts from previously fragmented areas.


EPrint Type:Project description
Location:Elm Farm
Hamstead Marshall
Newbury
Berkshire
RG20 0HR
UK
Keywords:European Union, CORE Organic II, COBRA, BÖLN, BOELN, BÖL, BOEL, FKZ 12OE021, FKZ 12OE022, FKZ 12OE023, FiBL 10070; Pflanzenbau, Pflanzenzüchtung
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Values, standards and certification > Regulation
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic II > COBRA
Denmark > AU - Aarhus University
Denmark > DTU - Technical University of Denmark
Estonia > Jôgeva Plant Breeding Institute
Austria
Netherlands > Louis Bolk Institute
Germany > Federal Organic Farming Scheme - BOELN > Plants > Pflanzenzüchtung
Germany > University of Munich - TUM
Denmark > Agrologica
Estonia
Finland
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Plant Protection and Biodiversity
France > INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
France > ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture Biologique
Hungary
Italy > Univ. Udine
Denmark > KU - University of Copenhagen > KU-LIFE - Faculty of Life Sciences
Latvia
Finland > Luke Natural Resources Institute
Netherlands
Norway > Bioforsk - Norwegian Institute for Agriculture and Environmental Research
Sweden > Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)
Slovenia > Institute of Sustainable Development (ISD)
Turkey
UK > Organic Research Centre (ORC) - Elm Farm
UK > Scottish Rural Colleges (SRUC - previously SAC)
Germany > University of Kassel
Related Links:http://orgprints.org/id/saved_search/1498
Acronym:COBRA
Start Date:1 March 2013
End Date:28 February 2016
Deposited By: Pearce, Dr Bruce
ID Code:22617
Deposited On:29 Apr 2013 05:35
Last Modified:21 Dec 2015 16:14

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