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Certified Organic Agriculture as an Alternative Livelihood Strategy for Small-scale Farmers in China: A Case Study in Wanzai County, Jiangxi Province

Qiao, Yuhui; Martin, Friederike; Cook, Seth; He, Xueqing; Halberg, Niels; Scott, Steffanie and Pan, Xihe (2018) Certified Organic Agriculture as an Alternative Livelihood Strategy for Small-scale Farmers in China: A Case Study in Wanzai County, Jiangxi Province. Ecological Economics, 145, pp. 301-307.

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Document available online at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.10.025


Summary

Organic agriculture can sustain rural development and ease poverty. However, whether it could be a viable pathway to improve the livelihoods of small-scale farmers in the context of urbanisation and demographic change has been less studied. To understand this, household surveys were conducted in 2007 and 2014 in Wanzai, Jiangxi Province China, where organic farming started in 2000. The results show that organic farming did contribute to higher farm incomes for small-scale farmers (< 1 ha land) compared to those practicing conventional agriculture, regardless of whether the profitability is measured on a per land unit or per household basis. The annual farmers household net income increased from 2007 to 2014, however, the farm income of small-scale farmers only makes up a minor part of total household income and its percentage becomes less and less over time. For medium-scale organic farmers (> 1 ha land), the proportion of income from farming was higher (56% in 2007 and 77% in 2014), leading to average farm incomes of USD16,108 in 2014. Among organic farmers, cooperatives members performed better economically than those not in cooperatives. Organic agriculture can ensure stable and sustainable alternative livelihoods, especially in a situation where available land offers opportunities for scaling up.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:livelihoods, rural development, farmers, organic farming, China, small-scale farming, income, economics, organic agriculture
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
livelihoods
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1374498089962
English
rural development
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6701
English
farmers
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2805
English
organic agriculture
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15911
English
China
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1556
English
small-scale farming
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_28766
Subjects: Knowledge management > Research methodology and philosophy > Specific methods > Surveys and statistics
Farming Systems > Farm economics
Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Farming Systems > Social aspects
Food systems > Markets and trade
Food systems > Policy environments and social economy
"Organics" in general > Countries and regions > China
Research affiliation: Canada
China
Germany > University of Berlin - HU
Denmark > ICROFS - International Centre for Research in Organic Food Systems
UK > Other organizations
ISSN:0921-8009
DOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.10.025
Deposited By: Ursu, Ancuta
ID Code:43212
Deposited On:05 Apr 2022 12:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2022 12:20
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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