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Use of trees and shrub by farmers to control gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) in extensive livestock production systems of West Africa

Beye, Aminata; Traoré, Linda Cletchio Gabriella; Coulibaly, Mamadou; Mbaye, Tamsir; Schlecht, Eva; Fall Ba, Mariéme; Ngom, Daouda; Heckendorn, Felix; Roessler, Regina; Sanon, Hadja; Coulibaly, Drissa; Coulibaly, Hawa; Sanou, Sita and Fall, Assan G. (2023) Use of trees and shrub by farmers to control gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) in extensive livestock production systems of West Africa. In: Tielkes, Eric (Ed.) Tropentag 2023. Competing pathways for equitable food systems transformation: trade-offs and synergies. Book of Abstract, CUVILLIER Verlag, Göttingen, pp. 366-367.

[thumbnail of Abstract] PDF - English (Abstract)

Document available online at: https://www.tropentag.de/2023/proceedings/proceedings.pdf

Summary in the original language of the document

Traditional veterinary practices have taken a back seat to modern veterinary medicine in livestock health management in Africa. However, the latter is not able to cope with all health problems on livestock farms, especially in rural areas where access to quality veterinary drugs and services is not available. Adding to this is the low purchasing power of livestock farmers. They are forced to resort to traditional practices to treat their animals in case of disease, which is especially true for gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) in small ruminants.
This study aimed to identify, with the herders, the local woody plant species usually used to treat parasitic infections of small ruminants in West Africa. Indeed, in traditional medicine, woody species represent about 65 % of the most important African medicinal plants. An ethno botanical survey based on semi-structured interviews was conducted with 370 herders and agropastoralists in Senegal, Mali and Burkina Faso between June and July 2021. More than 60 % of the respondents stated that the use of tree-based remedies has a positive impact on animal health. Out of 81 herders surveyed in Senegal, 42.0 % used woody plants for animal health treatment. In Burkina Faso, 28.7 % out of 159 farmers used ligneous plants to treat their animals against gastrointestinal strongyles. In Mali, 16.4 % out of 130 farmers used parts of trees to treat small ruminants against GIN. Across the three countries, 20 woody species belonging to 10 botanical families were identified as being regularly used to treat GIN. Khaya senegalensis, Azadirachta indica and Faidherbia albida were the most commonly cited species, and at family level Fabaceae (67 %) dominated before Meliaceae (17 %) and Combretaceae (17 %). Leaves (50 %), pods (33 %) and bark (17 %) were the organs mainly used to produce herbal anthelmintics. The cross-country comparison of results revealed that, although farmers have a good knowledge of effective plant-based GIN control, preparation formulae and application doses are often variable and only mastered by a few users. In view of smallholders’ reliance on herbal medicine, more effort should be devoted to tap the potential of woody plants as alternative remedies for the treatment of GIN in sheep and goats.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:Gastrointestinal nematodes, small ruminants, West Africa, woody, plant species, Abacus, FiBL1014006, SustainSahel
Agrovoc keywords:
small ruminants
gastrointestinal diseases
West Africa
animal health
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Sheep and goats
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
"Organics" in general > Countries and regions > Africa
Research affiliation:Other countries
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > International > Regions > Africa
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Animal health > Parasitology
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Small ruminants
Germany > University of Kassel
Related Links:https://www.sustainsahel.net/index.html
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:52772
Deposited On:11 Mar 2024 10:11
Last Modified:11 Mar 2024 10:42
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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