home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

Intake of Animal-Based Foods and Consumer Behaviour towards Organic Food: The Case of Nepal

Budhathoki, Mausam and Pandey, Sujita (2021) Intake of Animal-Based Foods and Consumer Behaviour towards Organic Food: The Case of Nepal. Sustainability, 13 (22), p. 12795.

[thumbnail of htm] HTML - Published Version - English
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

[thumbnail of sustainability-13-12795.pdf] PDF - Published Version - English


This study aims to segment Nepalese consumers based on the frequency of animal-based food intake and thereby the determinants of organic food purchasing behaviour to suggest possible marketing strategies for organic food suppliers. A face-to-face survey was conducted among Nepalese consumers (n = 527), underpinned by the theoretical framework, ‘theory of planned behaviour (TPB)’, and extended to include: knowledge, environmental concerns, health-consciousness, and background factors (socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics). Three segments of consumer types were identified by employing k-means segmentation: All Low (n = 113), High Dairy (n = 246), and High Dairy and Meat (n = 168). A covariance-based structural equation modelling (CB-SEM) analysis indicated that perceived behavioural control (β = 0.438, p < 0.001) was the main predictor of organic food purchasing intention, followed by attitude (β = 0.302, p < 0.001), subjective norms (β = 0.300, p < 0.001), knowledge (β = 0.211, p < 0.001), and environmental concerns (β = 0.208, p < 0.001). Health-consciousness (β = −0.034, p = 0.374) showed no significant impact on organic food purchasing intention. Organic food purchasing intention had a strong positive impact on organic food purchasing behaviour. Socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics were found to impact behavioural intention indirectly by their effects on attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, knowledge, and environmental concern. Income also had a direct impact on organic food purchasing behaviour. Further, consumers with a low intake of animal-based foods held positive attitudes towards organic food and had higher environmental concerns. The findings can be used to inform organic food producers and targeted marketing campaigns towards promoting organic food purchasing behaviour in Nepal and similar countries.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Organic food consumerism; Animal-based foods; Theory of planned behaviour; Knowledge; Environmental concern; Health-consciousness; Background factors
Agrovoc keywords:
Subjects: Food systems > Markets and trade
Values, standards and certification > Consumer issues
"Organics" in general > Countries and regions > Asia
Research affiliation:Nepal
Deposited By: Budhathoki, Mr Mausam
ID Code:42848
Deposited On:06 Dec 2021 14:08
Last Modified:06 Dec 2021 14:08
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics