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Composting pilot plant (in experimental farm "Campo 7" of CREA)

{Facility} Composting pilot plant (in experimental farm "Campo 7" of CREA). Facility Leader(s): Diacono, Dr Mariangela; Montemurro, Dr Francesco; Fiore, Dr Angelo and Persiani, Dr Alessandro, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics .

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Summary

In the Mediterranean area, the agricultural sector must recurrently face the challenge of disposing a huge amount of both no-marketable products and residues from crop cultivation, as well as addressing the issue of soil organic matter (SOM) loss. One of the most reliable management practices to recycle different agricultural wastes, residues and by-products is composting to produce a valuable organic fertilizer, which can maintain or increase SOM, allowing to close the carbon cycle, to protect the environment from pollution determined by synthetic fertilizers overuse and increase economic sustainability, due to avoided waste disposal costs.
In the pilot plant of the experimental farm “Campo 7” of CREA AA (located in Metaponto - South Italy, lat 40° 24’ N; long 16° 48’ E and 8 meters a.s.l.), different composting processes, to recycle various agricultural residues and agro-industrial by-products, have been setup in the frame of many research project in organic agriculture.
The composting plant is laid out on a concrete platform (100 m2), to avoid the loss of percolates. The pile temperature is continuously monitored with two probes connected to a data-logger, while the moisture is regularly (weekly) checked and kept around 60%. The aeration system consists of a blower of 0.55 kW power, an electrical panel equipped with a timer, and a 90 PE pipe for a 3 m length perforated at regular distances, to obtain the correct aeration of the biomass above the pipe. To allow homogenization and best degradation of all the biomasses, the pile can be manually turned with a shovel in a first stage until the temperature decrease to about 25 °C, indicating the end of the process.


EPrint Type:Research facility description
Type of Facility:Other
Other Type:Composting plant
Location:Bari - Italy
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
composting
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15956
English
composts
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1795
English
fertilizers
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2867
English
by-products
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1172
English
circular economy
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_c9484b9b
English
organic amendments
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_12965
English
organic farming -> organic agriculture
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15911
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Food systems > Recycling, balancing and resource management
Knowledge management > Education, extension and communication > Technology transfer
"Organics" in general > Countries and regions > Italy
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: Italy > CREA
Related Links:https://www.creafuturo.eu/it/3639/
Deposited By: Diacono, Dr Mariangela
ID Code:42825
Deposited On:24 Nov 2021 10:26
Last Modified:24 Nov 2021 10:26

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