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Cheese quality from cows given a tannin extract in 2 different grazing seasons

Menci, Ruggero; Natalello, Antonio; Luciano, Giuseppe; Priolo, Alessandro; Valenti, Bernardo; Difalco, Antonio; Rapisarda, Teresa; Caccamo, Margherita; Constant, Isabelle; Niderkorn, Vincent and Coppa, Mauro (2021) Cheese quality from cows given a tannin extract in 2 different grazing seasons. Journal of Dairy Science, online, xx-xx.

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Document available online at: https://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/S0022-0302(21)00672-X/fulltext


Summary

The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of dietary tannins on cow cheese quality in 2 different grazing seasons in the Mediterranean. Two experiments were performed on 14 dairy cows reared in an extensive system. The first experiment took place in the wet season (WS), and the second experiment took place in the dry season (DS). In the WS and DS experiments, cows freely grazed green pasture or dry stubbles, respectively, and the diet was supplemented with pelleted concentrate and hay. In both experiments, the cows were divided into 2 balanced groups: a control group and a group (TAN) receiving 150 g of tannin extract/head per day. After 23 d of dietary treatment, individual milk was collected, processed into individual cheeses, and aged 25 d. Milk was analyzed for chemical composition, color parameters, and cheesemaking aptitude (laboratory cheese yield and milk coagulation properties). Cheese was analyzed for chemical composition, proteolysis, color parameters, rheological parameters, fatty acid profile, and odor-active volatile compounds. Data from the WS and DS experiments were statistically analyzed separately with an analysis of covariance model. In the WS experiment, dietary tannin supplementation had no effect on milk and cheese parameters except for a reduced concentration of 2-heptanone in cheese. In the DS experiment, TAN milk showed lower urea N, and TAN cheese had lower C18:1 trans-10 concentration and n-6:n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid ratio compared with the control group. These differences are likely due to the effect of tannins on rumen N metabolism and fatty acid biohydrogenation. Dietary tannins may differently affect the quality of cheese from Mediterranean grazing cows according to the grazing season. Indeed, tannin bioactivity on rumen metabolism seems to be enhanced during the dry season, when diet is low in protein and rich in acid detergent fiber and lignin. The supplementation dose used in this study (1% of estimated dry matter intake) had no detrimental effects on cheese yield or cheesemaking parameters. Also, it is unlikely that sensorial characteristics would be affected by this kind of dietary tannin supplementation.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:tannins, cheese, dairy cows, grazing, seasonal variation, ProYoungStock
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
tannins
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7606
English
cheese
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1507
English
dairy cows
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_26767
English
grazing
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_25243
English
seasonal variation
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_24894
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Dairy cattle
Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic Cofund > ProYoungStock
France > INRAe - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement
Italy > Other organizations
Italy > Univ. Perugia
Italy > Univ. Catania
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727495
DOI:10.3168/jds.2021-20292
Related Links:https://www.proyoungstock.net/
Deposited By: Menci, Mr. Ruggero
ID Code:40083
Deposited On:17 Jun 2021 12:14
Last Modified:17 Jun 2021 12:14
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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