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Impact of Production Location, Production System, and Variety on the Volatile Organic Compounds Fingerprints and Sensory Characteristics of Tomatoes

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Muilwijk, M.; Heenan, Samuel and van Ruth, Saskia (2015) Impact of Production Location, Production System, and Variety on the Volatile Organic Compounds Fingerprints and Sensory Characteristics of Tomatoes. Journal of Chemistry, 2015, pp. 1-7.

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Online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/981549

Summary

Consumers havemore andmore interest inwhere and howtheir foods are produced.However, it is often challenging to discriminate products from different production locations and systems. The objective of this study was to examine fingerprinting of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as an approach for characterization and discrimination of tomatoes by their production location, production system, and variety using Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometry combined with multivariate statistics. Sensory analysis was complementing the VOC analyses. The study was part of the EU CORE Organic II project AuthenticFood. Tomato sample batches cultivated in two locations in Italy, according to the organic and conventional production system, comprising two varieties, and produced in two consecutive years were examined. Both factors production location and production systemimpacted considerably the VOC fingerprints, but compared to these two factors, minor differences were observed between the two varieties of tomatoes studied. VOC data were successfully used to predict the origin and production systemfor this sample set. Sensory data also primarily indicated the differences between origin and production systems, and several sensory attributes could be predicted from the VOC fingerprints. Therefore, VOC fingerprints reflect production conditions and are promising for substantiation and authentication of special tomato traits.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Values, standards and certification > Evaluation of inputs
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic II > AuthenticFood
DOI:10.1155/2015/981549
Deposited By: Simeone, Dr FC
ID Code:28495
Deposited On:17 Jun 2015 11:49
Last Modified:17 Jun 2015 11:49
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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