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Mechanical weed control in organic orchards: Gyroscopic crumblers (BIOFRUITNET Practice Abstract)

{Tool} Mechanical weed control in organic orchards: Gyroscopic crumblers (BIOFRUITNET Practice Abstract). Creator(s): Oeser, Niklas. Issuing Organisation(s): FÖKO - Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau. Biofruitnet Practice Abstract, no. 042. (2023)

[thumbnail of Mechanical weed control in organic orchards: Gyroscopic crumblers] PDF - Published Version - English (Mechanical weed control in organic orchards: Gyroscopic crumblers)

Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/45986

Summary in the original language of the document

Tillage of the entire tree strip. Plant parts, mulch and leaf residues are dug into the soil, promoting humus build-up and reducing the ascospores potential from scab fungus in the spring.
Practical recommendations
• Working with these machines is comparatively demanding, a training period of the person carrying out the work is necessary in order to avoid damage to trees, up to total loss.
• The working speed is 2-3 km/h and a working width of 40-60cm. The tree strip is thus completely treated.
• Treatment can be problematic in heavy, wet soils.
• In addition, a hand hoe should be performed 2-3x a year to keep the areas close to the trunk clear (especially in young plantations).
• Depending on the location and weather conditions, 2-5 working passes per season are needed.
• For optimal weed management, a combination strategy with other machines is recommended, for higher impact and weather independence. If the gyroscopic crumbler is combined in the strategy with other equipment (e.g., a thread mower), the application usually takes place between harvest and the end of flowering. (See also Practice Abstract: Weed control in Organic pome fruit growing: Combined strategy of different approaches).
• Due to its complexity and many moving parts, the crumbler requires comparatively high-maintenance.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:In organic orchards, weed control is very important, as herbicides are not allowed. Additionally, purely superficial mowing of the undergrowth is not sufficient, especially in spring with young & low-stem trees.
What solution does the tool offer?:The gyroscopic crumbler regulates the weeds mechanically by means of two horizontally rotating tools, one of which also swings out into the inter-trunk area by means of probe technology.
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:Plant protection, pest control, biological pest control
Agrovoc keywords:
plant protection
pest control
biological pest control
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Biofruitnet
Germany > Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau - FÖKO
European Union > Organic Farm Knowledge
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:862850
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/45986, https://biofruitnet.eu, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/45940, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/45988, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/45941, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/45989, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/45990
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Basler, Andreas
ID Code:45986
Deposited On:25 Apr 2023 14:50
Last Modified:02 May 2024 10:32
Document Language:English

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