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The role of diversity and circularity to enhance the resilience of organic pig producers in Europe

Pfeifer, C.; Moakes, S.; Salomon, E. and Kongsted, A.G. (2022) The role of diversity and circularity to enhance the resilience of organic pig producers in Europe. animal - open space, 1, pp. 1-12.

[thumbnail of pfeifer-etal-2022-animal-open-space-Vol1-p1-12.pdf] PDF - English
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.


Document available online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2772694022000061


This paper investigates how pig housing relates to diversity and circularity of farms and how this influences the capacity of European organic pig producers to cope with economic, legislation, labour and climate-related shocks. It identifies resilience strategies of pig producers in Europe by analysing resilience capacity and attributes to different shocks, namely input and output price shocks, disease outbreaks, climate change, legislation change and labour fluctuations. Based on narratives of 18 pig producers, this paper finds three resilience strategies: an efficiency-based strategy, a nutrient substitution strategy and a farm diversification strategy. Non-resiliency is mostly found among the producers with an all-year outdoor production system following the nutrient substitution strategy related to low feed self-sufficiency. The producers follow an efficiency-based strategy when they cannot accumulate reserves sufficient to cope with shocks. Non-resilience among the farm diversification strategy is related to direct marketing that is labour intensive requires the ability to pay decent wages. To increase the resilience of pig producers in Europe, policies should recognise that these different strategies exist and tailor policies differently for different types of producers.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Adaptive cycle, Diversification, Nitrogen cycle, Pig farming systems, Pork production, POWER, Abacus, FiBL55314
Agrovoc keywords:
nitrogen cycle
pigs -> swine
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Pigs
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: Denmark > AU - Aarhus University
European Union > CORE Organic > CORE Organic Cofund > POWER
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Society > Economics & market > Farm economics
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Pigs
Sweden > University of Uppsala
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:44425
Deposited On:31 Aug 2022 09:40
Last Modified:29 Mar 2023 12:52
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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