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Characteristics of organic sweet cherry rootstocks (Biofruitnet Practice Abstract)

{Tool} Characteristics of organic sweet cherry rootstocks (Biofruitnet Practice Abstract). Creator(s): Vávra, Radek; Kaplan, Jiří and Jan, Tomáš. Issuing Organisation(s): VSUO - Research and Breeding Institute of Pomology Holovousy. Biofruitnet Practice Abstract, no. 080. (2022)

[thumbnail of Characteristics of organic sweet cherry rootstocks] PDF - Published Version - English (Characteristics of organic sweet cherry rootstocks)
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Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/44241

Summary in the original language of the document

Regular and precocious yields of high market quality fruit for fresh consumption. Good flavour and significantly higher incomes from newly established organic cherry orchards.
• Dwarfing and semi-dwarfing rootstocks reduce tree vigour, induce precocity, enhance disease resistance and enable growers to harvest premium-quality fruit from high-density orchards.
• Dwarfing and semi-dwarfing rootstocks can achieve full production in 5 - 6 years vs 8 - 12 years of traditional rootstocks (Mazzard F 12/1, Mahaleb).
• The size of trees depends on soil fertility, selected cultivar, irrigation, location and pruning.
• Support the trees using Gisela 6 and Gisela 5 rootstock with stakes to avoid tilting due to week anchorage.
• Self-fertile cherry cultivars combined with dwarfing rootstocks give more regular yields and improve financial flow in newly established orchards.
• Avoid the most dwarfing rootstocks (Gisela 5 and Krymsk 6) in shallow and low fertile soils.
• Check with advisors that the size-controlling rootstocks chosen for new plantings fit to the desired tree density, soil and climatic conditions.
• Size-controlling rootstocks allow pedestrian orchards with easier and safer management and a more productive working environment.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Traditional vigorous seedling rootstocks like Mazzard F 12/1 (Prunus avium L.) and Mahaleb (P. mahaleb L.) typically bear the first crop between the fourth and sixth year and achieve full production between the eighth and twelfth year, leading to delayed returns of investments.
What solution does the tool offer?:Growing sweet cherry cultivars on the next generations of semi-dwarf and dwarf cherry rootstocks will allow the orchard to produce fruits earlier than using traditional rootstocks.
Country:Czech Republic
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:Dwarf cherry rootstock, fruit quality, precocious yield, flavour, market quality
Agrovoc keywords:
temperate fruits
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Biofruitnet
Czech Republic > Other institutions Czech republic
European Union > Organic Farm Knowledge
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:862850
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/44241, https://biofruitnet.eu, https://twitter.com/farm_knowledge/status/1542865636262543361, https://www.facebook.com/organicfarmknowledge/posts/pfbid0255CANVXh2YJBg1S5NcmsVd2rPZpANmpYaxQuVAiTUmuCgrmcG1CZ1hxSRPnnfP49l
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Basler, Andreas
ID Code:44241
Deposited On:29 Jun 2022 16:06
Last Modified:02 May 2024 10:32
Document Language:English, Czech/Česky, Polish/Polski, Slovak/Slovenčina

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