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Suitable European plum cultivars for organic orchards establishment (Biofruitnet Practice Abstract)

{Tool} Suitable European plum cultivars for organic orchards establishment (Biofruitnet Practice Abstract). Creator(s): Vávra, Radek; Kaplan, Jiří and Jan, Tomáš. Issuing Organisation(s): VSUO - Research and Breeding Institute of Pomology Holovousy. Biofruitnet Practice Abstract, no. 077. (2022)

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Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/44240


Summary

Choosing the best height/size plum cultivars will give a stable yield of high-quality and good flavour fruits harvested in prolonged periods from August to November and suitable for fresh consumption.
Practical recommendations
• High-quality European plum cultivars suitable for organic production:
o Very early ripening: Ruth Gersteter
o Early ripening: Katinka
o Middle early ripening: Čačanska lepotica, Franzi, Opal
o Middle late ripening: Jojo, Toptaste, Čačanska rodna, Gabrovska
o Late ripening: Jofela, Joganta, Moni, Haganta, Stanley
o Very late ripening: Presenta, Jolina
• Combine PPV hypersensitive resistance cultivars (Jojo, Jofela, Joganta, Jolina, Moni) with PPV hypersensitive resistance rootstocks (Docera 6, Dospina 235) to prevent infection.
• Check with your advisors about the ripening time of the described cultivars and if they fit your climatic conditions.
• Aim for a wide ripening period, high and regular cropping, fruit size and fruit quality.
• Extend the harvesting period by introducing new cultivars with ripening from the end of August to the beginning of October.
• Self-fertile and partly self-fertile cultivars provide more regular yields and are very good pollinators for other cultivars.
• Most of the new large-fruited cultivars have excellent taste and fruit quality with a higher sugar content than 21°Brix.
• Consumers prefer new plum cultivars with attractive yellow/orange flesh and lose stone adherence.
• Large-fruited plum cultivars with high market quality can lead to more efficient labour costs and support incomes from established organic orchards.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Organic plum production is affected by a variety of factors: unmarketable cultivar characteristics (flavour, soluble solids content, stone adherence), reduced storage, small size and low resistance to fungal diseases and Plum Pox Virus (PPV).
What solution does the tool offer?:We propose a list of robust cultivars suitable for plum organic orchards establishment.
Country:Czech Republic
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:Disease tolerance, fruit quality, flavour
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
disease tolerance
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_331441
English
flavour
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_10893
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Biofruitnet
Czech Republic > Other institutions
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:862850
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/44240, https://biofruitnet.eu, https://twitter.com/farm_knowledge/status/1595351534094749698, https://www.facebook.com/organicfarmknowledge/posts/pfbid0tMS2nk6xT22KPHUNt1o1KdrCwRLWi3EzMJTpUrPChqBZs5izQvgdP1Yngh5aVeiRl
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Basler, Andreas
ID Code:44240
Deposited On:29 Jun 2022 16:01
Last Modified:14 Apr 2023 12:33
Document Language:English, Czech/Česky, Polish/Polski, Slovak/Slovenčina
Status:Published

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