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What Should Organic Farmers Grow: Heritage Or Modern Spring Wheat Varieties? Report From A Study Comparing Yields, Grain And Bread Quality.

Løes, Anne-Kristin; Frøseth, Randi Berland; Dieseth, Jon Arne and Lindö, Caroline (2021) What Should Organic Farmers Grow: Heritage Or Modern Spring Wheat Varieties? Report From A Study Comparing Yields, Grain And Bread Quality. Paper at: Organic World Congress 2021, Science Forum: 6th ISOFAR Conference co-organised with INRA, FiBL, Agroecology Europe, TP Organics and ITAB, Rennes, France, 8 - 10 September, 2021. [Completed]

[thumbnail of OWC2020-SCI-554.pdf] PDF - English
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Summary

For a 100% organic value chain, we need more varieties suitable for organic cultivation. Varieties bred for organic growing is a challenge in small markets. Many breeding goals are equal for organic and conventional cereals. Hence, accessions failing qualification as commercial varieties may perform well in organic growing. A field experiment over two years was performed at two growing sites to compare 25 accessions of spring wheat, ranging from old heritage varieties to modern breeding lines. We assessed yield and agronomic characteristics, artisan bread baking quality and sensory characteristics. Modern accessions gave best yields. Old varieties had smaller kernels, less grain filling, lower falling numbers and SDS-sedimentation volumes, but higher concentrations of minerals, although the growing site has a strong effect. Bread from modern accessions performed best in a baking test. Several sensory characteristics such as juiciness, chew resistance, firmness, acid taste and vinegar odor varied between varieties. Heritage varieties have an important cultural value, and many consumers are willing to pay a significant premium price for such products. A premium price is required, since yield levels are often considerably lower.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:breeding, cereals, grains, Norway
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2021: Organic World Congress, Science Forum: 6th ISOFAR Conference co-organised with INRA, FiBL, Agroecology Europe, TP Organics and ITAB > Product and process quality in Organic Agriculture: methods and challenge
Norway
Sweden
Deposited By: rey, m. frederic
ID Code:42240
Deposited On:07 Sep 2021 13:12
Last Modified:07 Sep 2021 13:12
Document Language:English
Status:Unpublished
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:A book of abstracts of papers of the Science Forum at the Organic World Congress 2021, September 8-10, Online and on-site in Rennes, France '6th ISOFAR Conference co-organised with INRA, FiBL, Agroecology Europe, TP Organics and ITAB' has been published

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