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Testing soil for legume fatigue (DiverIMPACTS, ReMIX, LIVESEED Practice abstract)

{Tool} Testing soil for legume fatigue (DiverIMPACTS, ReMIX, LIVESEED Practice abstract). Creator(s): Fuchs, Jacques; Hohmann, Pierre; Wilbois, Klaus-Peter; Conder, Malgorzarta; Gelencsér, Tobias and Weidmann, Gilles. Issuing Organisation(s): FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture. DiverIMPACTS, ReMIX, LIVESEED Practice abstract. (2021)

[thumbnail of Testing soil for legume fatigue] PDF - English (Testing soil for legume fatigue)
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Document available online at: https://zenodo.org/record/4421457#.YSd6PY4zaUk


Summary

Benefits
The test offers reference points regarding the soil contamination with the pathogens mentioned above and can, thus, reveal the need for a cultivation break. Refraining from cultivating on contaminated soils helps to avoid high yield losses due to legume fatigue.
Practical recommendation
1. Extract 10 litres of humid soil from the field plot you wish to examine and sieve it down to a grain size of 10 mm.
2. Moisten dry samples and mix them evenly.
3. Fill four aluminium trays with the humid soil and store the re-maining soil.
4. Cover the trays filled with soil with tinfoil and place them in the baking oven. Sterilise the samples for at least 12 hours at 70-100°C in the oven.
5. Let the aluminium trays cool for 12 hours after sterilisation.
6. Mark four flowerpots with "R" (for untreated reference) and an-other four with "H" (for heat-treated soil).
7. Fill the four H-flowerpots with the heat-treated soil and fill the four R-flowerpots with the untreated soil.
8. Place 5-10 legume seeds (depending on seed size) in each pot and cover them with 0.5 cm of the same type of soil.
9. Place the H and R pots randomly in a tray with some water and keep them in a sheltered place with at least 18°C and daylight.
10. Keep the pots humid during about 6 weeks by pouring water into the trays.
Practical testing
- After about 6 weeks, the test can be evaluated. If the reference plants have germination problems and/or are growing poorly and turning yellow due to heavy infestation, the evaluation can take place earlier.
- For evaluation, cut all plant shoots at the stem 2 cm above the soil, and weigh the shoots of each pot separately. Make a note of the shoots' weight.
- Dividing the weight of the untreated reference plants by the weight of the plants from the heat-treated soil gives a ratio which can be used as an indicator for legume fatigue.
- For example, if the weight of the plants in the untreated soil is 180 g and the weight of the plants with the heat-treated soil is 200 g, then; 180 g/200 g = a ratio of 0.9.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Several legume crops can show severe symptoms of legume fatigue. This is due to often conjoint infesta-tions of Didymella, Fusarium, Aphanomyces and other root rot pathogens that can accumulate in the soil in crop rotations that include pea, faba bean, vetch, red clover or lucerne. A heavy infestation may lead to a total loss of the legume.
What solution does the tool offer?:With the help of a simple legume fatigue test, the soil can be examined for legume-fatigue symptoms prior to cultivation.
Country:Switzerland
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:legumes, intercropping, crop rotation, faba beans, peas, soil quality, soil fertility, nutrient supply
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
legumes
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4255
English
intercropping
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3910
English
crop rotation
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6662
English
faba beans
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_10722
English
peas
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_13177
English
soil quality
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_a9645d28
English
soil fertility
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crops > Anbautechnik > Crop rotations
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crops > Arable crops > Legumes
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crops > Anbautechnik > Mixed cropping
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Diverimpacts
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed > Liveseed tools
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Remix
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727482
Related Links:https://www.diverimpacts.net/, https://www.liveseed.eu/, https://www.remix-intercrops.eu/, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/41891, https://zenodo.org/record/4421457#.YSd6PY4zaUk, https://orgprints.org/id/eprint/31023/, https://www.facebook.com/organicfarmknowledge/posts/330301815549126, https://twitter.com/farm_knowledge/status/1433719182907133956
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:41891
Deposited On:26 Aug 2021 11:38
Last Modified:16 Feb 2022 12:30
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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