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Broadening and exploiting the genetic base of white lupin

Annicchiarico, Paolo; Nazzicari, Nelson; Vlachostergios, D.N.; de Buck, A.J.; Ferrari, Barbara; Koskosidis, A.; Heupink, D.; Notario, T. and Pecetti, L. (2021) Broadening and exploiting the genetic base of white lupin. In: BREEDING AND SEED SECTOR INNOVATIONS FOR ORGANIC FOOD SYSTEMS, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Economics, Latvia, pp. 94-95.

[thumbnail of Annicchiarico et al_2021_lupin_EUCARPIA.pdf] PDF - Published Version - English


White lupin is a European crop with a long history of domestication and high potential interest for high-protein food or feedstuff. This report aims to summarize the research steps that were undertaken to (i) verify the extent of genetic diversity exploited by modern breeding, (ii) identify elite bitter-seed landraces and sweet-seed germplasm aimed to broaden the genetic base for European breeding, (iii) assess the genetic variation for tolerance to key abiotic stresses in the germplasm of the novel genetic base, and (iv) verify the potential of genomic models based on genotyping-bysequencing (GBS) SNP data to select simultaneously and cost-efficiently for some complex traits. Molecular diversity patterns of 83 landraces from nine major historical cropping regions and 15 commercial varieties confirmed that modern plant breeding exploited only a modest part of the crop genetic variation. Germplasm evaluation experiments for adaptation to severe drought or calcareous soil revealed substantial genetic variation (Annicchiarico and Thami-Alami, 2012; Annicchiarico et al., 2018), which, along with other information, was exploited to identify four elite landraces and four elite, sweet-seed lines that acted as parents of a broadly-based population. Some 144 sweet-seed lines extracted from this population were evaluated for grain yield under severe drought in a managed environment of Italy and for adaptation to moderately calcareous soil in a spring-sown environment of the Netherlands and an autumn-sown environment of Greece. We report on the observed line variation for these traits, and on the construction of genomic selection models and their ability to predict the line adaptation to drought or lime soil based on cross validations. Genome-enabled models may be used also to select for tolerance to anthracnose and the sweet-seed trait.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Agrovoc keywords:
drought tolerance, genetic diversity, genomic selection, lime tolerance, Lupinus albus
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed > Liveseed tools
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:727230
Deposited By: Pecetti, Dr Luciano
ID Code:39933
Deposited On:31 May 2021 08:39
Last Modified:31 May 2021 08:39
Document Language:English
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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