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Comparison of two breeding strategies for soft wheat populations (Liveseed Practice abstract)

{Tool} Comparison of two breeding strategies for soft wheat populations (Liveseed Practice abstract). Creator(s): Flipon, Emma and Chable, Véronique. Issuing Organisation(s): ITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food, INRAE - National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment. Liveseed Practice Abstract, no. 57. (2021)

[thumbnail of PA57_Comparison-of-two-breeding-strategies-for-soft-wheat-populations.pdf] PDF - Published Version - English
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Document available online at: https://www.liveseed.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/PA57_Comparison-of-two-breeding-strategies-for-soft-wheat-populations.pdf


Summary

Practical recommendations
● Manual crossings do not seem to create more diversity than mixtures in the case of wheat
● The breeding method chosen to create populations does not seem to have an influence on the agronomical behavior of the populations
● Manual crosses can be challenging for farmers and practitioners. Therefore, it is easier and more interesting to start creating diversified population by mixing cultivars, rather than crossing them with one-another.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:For many years, French farmers have developed diversified soft wheat farm cultivars for organic farming, by using mass selection, mixtures (called dynamic populations) or manual crosses (CCP). How do we determine which method is best between manual crosses and mixtures? What is the influence of the breeding strategy on the agronomical behavior of populations and their phenotypical diversity?
What solution does the tool offer?:Two populations have been created in 2015 : the first one results from the manual two by two crossings of six parents from different populations, whereas for the second one, the six parents were mixed without crossings. The populations were cultivated and observed on two sites for several years and were compared by observing several characteristics, such as phenotypical diversity or agronomical traits. The first results seem to show that after five years of evolution, in different location and under natural and farmer selection, the breeding method had a smaller effect on the agronomical behavior and the phenotypical diversity of a population, than location adaptation and human selection.
Country:France
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:plant breeding, wheat
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
plant breeding
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5956
English
wheat
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8373
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed > Liveseed tools
France > INRAe - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement
France > ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture Biologique
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727230
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/39906
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Ortolani, Dr. Livia
ID Code:39906
Deposited On:28 May 2021 09:03
Last Modified:21 Jul 2021 10:45
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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