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Conservation varieties in Italy (Liveseed Practice abstract)

{Tool} Conservation varieties in Italy (Liveseed Practice abstract). Creator(s): Petitti, Matteo and Bocci, Riccardo. Issuing Organisation(s): Rete Semi Rurali. Liveseed Practice Abstract, no. 38. (2020)

[thumbnail of Conservation varieties in Italy] PDF - Published Version - English (Conservation varieties in Italy)
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Document available online at: https://www.liveseed.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/PA38_Conservation-Varieties-in-Italy.pdf


Summary

Practical recommendations
• In Italy there are: 42 CV of vegetables, 16 vegetable varieties with no intrinsic value and 80 CVs of field crop species;
• You can find CVs on seed companies’ catalogues;
• CVs are of public domain: no Plant Breeders’ Rights (PBR) apply and farmers are free to save their own seed;
• CVs can represent a resource for organic agriculture due to their agronomic traits and less homogeneous genetics.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:A growing number of farmers and growers (including home gardeners) are seeking local varieties or cultivars
with a higher level of intra-varietal diversity, compared to those normally available on the market (Distinct Uniform and Stable varieties).
What solution does the tool offer?:The 1998 EU directive 98/95 introduced a new category of plant propagation material: conservation varieties
(CV). This was done to expand the seed market and include historical varieties and increase the level genetic
diversity. In 2008 the rules for the marketing of conservation varieties were defined:
a) Directive 62/2008/CE on field crop species
b) Directive 145/2009/CE on vegetable species, divided among conservation varieties and varieties with no
intrinsic value
c) Directive 60/2010/CE on feed crops
CVs exist only for those species, for which registration on the European Common Catalogue is mandatory. It is therefore not possible to have CVs of einkorn (Triticum monococcum), as the seed of this species can be marketed without registration on a variety list. CVs are registered on a dedicated section of the National variety list.
Country:Italy
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
seed certification
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6929
Subjects: Crop husbandry
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Values, standards and certification > Regulation
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed > Liveseed tools
Italy
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727230
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/39851, https://www.facebook.com/organicfarmknowledge/posts/267422211837087, https://twitter.com/farm_knowledge/status/1400059753703817222
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Ortolani, Dr. Livia
ID Code:39851
Deposited On:19 May 2021 08:31
Last Modified:18 Jun 2021 09:17
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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