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Farm saved seed: what are the rules? (Liveseed Practice abstract)

{Tool} Farm saved seed: what are the rules? (Liveseed Practice abstract). Creator(s): Petitti, Matteo and Bocci, Riccardo. Issuing Organisation(s): Rete Semi Rurali. Liveseed Practice Abstract, no. 37. (2020)

[thumbnail of Farm saved seed: what are the rules?] PDF - Published Version - English (Farm saved seed: what are the rules?)

Document available online at: https://www.liveseed.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/PA37_Farm-saved-seed-what-rules.pdf

Summary in the original language of the document

Practical recommendations
When you are re-sowing your own seeds please be aware that:
• Conservation varieties, landraces, heritage varieties, heterogeneous materials are in public domain, so no royalties are due;
• Not all modern varieties that are listed in the EU common variety catalogue are protected by Plant Breeders’ Rights (PBR), please check out on the CPVO database;
• Farmers, like breeders, can use protected varieties for on farm breeding;
• If you are a small farm, according to art. 7 reg. 1768/95, you are exempted to pay the royalties (see Figure).

EPrint Type:Practice tool
Teaser:Farm saved seed (FSS) as a mean to get obtain organic seed for the next sowing.
What problem does the tool address?:According to LIVESEED’s survey on organic seed use (LIVESEED booklet "The State of Organic Seed in Europe"),organic farming still relies on farm saved seed (FSS) as a means to obtain organic seed for the next sowing.
However, the rules on FSS are not always clear. May farmers reproduce their own seeds? For which crops? Do
they have to pay royalties on FSS?
What solution does the tool offer?:Farm Saved Seed (FSS) is regulated by Council Regulation n. 2100/94 (art. 14 and 15) and Commission Regulation 1768/95 with regards to the definition of the "farmers’ exemption" (see Fig. 1). In practice, farmers are allowed to save and
re-sow protected varieties of only certain species, but then they have to pay the so-called "equitable remuneration" that could be on an individual basis or derived by a contract between farmers’ and rights holders’ organizations.
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Agrovoc keywords:
seed storage
seed certification
Subjects: Crop husbandry
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Food systems > Policy environments and social economy
Values, standards and certification > Regulation
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed > Liveseed tools
European Union > Organic Farm Knowledge
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:727230
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/39850
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Ortolani, Dr. Livia
ID Code:39850
Deposited On:19 May 2021 08:30
Last Modified:02 May 2024 10:32
Document Language:English

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