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Fish and fish waste-based fertilizers in organic farming – With status in Norway: A review

Ahuja, Ishita; Dauksas, Egidijus; Remme, Jannicke F; Richardsen, Roger and Løes, Anne-Kristin (2020) Fish and fish waste-based fertilizers in organic farming – With status in Norway: A review. Waste Management, 115, pp. 95-112.

[thumbnail of Review article_Fish-fish waste-based fertilizers 2020.pdf] PDF - Published Version - English
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Document available online at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2020.07.025


This paper reviews relevant knowledge about the production and uses of fertilizers from fish and fish
waste (FW) that may be applicable for certified organic farming, with a focus on crop and horticultural
plants. Fish industries generate a substantial amount of FW. Depending on the level of processing or type
of fish, 30–70% of the original fish is FW. Circular economy and organic farming concepts were used to
evaluate the potential of production of fertilizers from captured fish. Fertilizers produced from captured
fish promote the recycling of nutrients from the sea and back to terrestrial environments. Nutritional
composition of FW is assessed to determine the potential to supply plant nutrients such as nitrogen,
or a combination of nitrogen and phosphorous, or to enrich a compost. Methods used in processing of
FW to produce fish- emulsion, fish hydrolysate/fish silage, fish-compost and digestate from anaerobic
digestion/co-digestion are presented. Using information about commercially available fish-based fertilizers
listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI), we present a scenario for establishing fish/
FW-based fertilizers industry and research in Europe. With Norway’s 9th position among top ten global
capture producers and focus in Norway on developing organic farming, we brief how FW is currently utilized
and regulated, and discuss its availability for possible production of FW-based organic fertilizers.
The amount of FW available in Norway for production of fertilizers may facilitate the establishment of
an industrial product that can replace the currently common use of dried poultry manure from conventional
farming in organic farming.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:closing nutrient gaps; nutrients, P, N, RESTORX
Agrovoc keywords:
fish bones
P fertiliser
hydrolysed proteins
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Soil > Nutrient turnover
Research affiliation: Norway > SINTEF
Norway > NORSØK - Norwegian Centre for Organic Agriculture
Related Links:https://www.norsok.no/en/projects/2017/marine-rest-raw-materials-for-fertilizers-to-organic-agriculture-restor
Deposited By: Løes, Anne-Kristin
ID Code:39152
Deposited On:03 Feb 2021 15:19
Last Modified:12 Apr 2023 08:51
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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