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Managing on farm populations. Mixtures of landraces or old varieties (Liveseed Practice Abstract)

{Tool} Managing on farm populations. Mixtures of landraces or old varieties (Liveseed Practice Abstract). Creator(s): Chable, Véronique. Issuing Organisation(s): INRAE - National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment. Liveseed Practice Abstract, no. 5. (2020)

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Document available online at: https://www.liveseed.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/PA5_Managing-on-farm-population.pdf


Summary

Practical recommendations
- Selection will be continuously applied by the farmer since the environment/practices will make evolve the populations; he will observe his field and determine the best part for seed production.
- Local (collective or individual) technological means should be available for seed preparation (sorting and calibration) and conservation.
- Create market for dynamic and heterogeneous populations if needed and cooperate with local organisations/food chains.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Mixture of several populations will foster the organic sector, by diversifying available crops, fulfilling their ecological function and stimulating diversity at all levels. However, beside creation and breeding process of such crops (PA# 4), farmers should manage the economic and technological issues of the seed production. Even if the main aim is to provide adapted cultivars to farmers, in some cases and for some species, seeds can be sold (see new regulation about heterogeneous material), but farmers should take care about health issues, because dynamic population are bred to fit given local circumstances and not for large adaptation.
What solution does the tool offer?:The mixture of several populations will evolve together as a dynamic population year after year in the conditions of the farm and will offer locally adapted cultivars to better reach objectives of the whole food chains. Farmers within local groups (operational groups, seed associations, community seed banks), will explore new market opportunities thinking about introducing the on-farm plant breeding activities in the cost of the products. For health issues, it is better to exchange or to sell small quantities of seeds in order to proceed to a first multiplication before producing on larger scale.
Country:France
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:seeds, varieties
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
seeds
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6946
English
varieties
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8157
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed > Liveseed tools
France > INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727230
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/37868, https://www.inrae.fr/, https://orgprints.org/37868
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Ortolani, Dr. Livia
ID Code:37868
Deposited On:14 Apr 2020 07:15
Last Modified:13 May 2020 12:27
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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