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Towards ecological and societal resilience through systems-based plant breeding (Liveseed Practice Abstract)

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{Tool} Towards ecological and societal resilience through systems-based plant breeding (Liveseed Practice Abstract). Creator(s): Nuijten, Edwin. Issuing Organisation(s): De Beersche Hoeve. Liveseed Practice Abstracts, no. 17. (2019)

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Online at: https://www.liveseed.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/PA17_Towards-ecological-and-societal-resilience-through-systems-based-plant-breeding.pdf

Summary

We identified four paradigmatic breeding orientations:
community-based, ecosystem-based, trait-based, and corporatebased. These orientations differ because they have
different ways of thinking, values and economic models. Each
approach has significant value and impact, such that no approach alone will achieve all relevant sustainability targets:
- food security and safety,
- food and seed sovereignty,
- social justice,
- agrobiodiversity,
- ecosystem services,
- climate robustness.
Achieving these targets requires i) knowledge development and integration, multiple breeding strategies and entrepreneurships, but also a change in attitude based on ii) corporate responsibility, circular economy and true cost accounting, and fair and green policies. We therefore define a new approach: ‘systems-based breeding’ (Fig.2). It is a methodological orientation, which maximizes the synergy between the strengths of the ways of thinking of the four paradigmatic orientations. Based on this concept of systems-based breeding, we picture a perspective where breeders can be initiators of developments towards an ecologically and societally resilient crop production.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
Teaser:Paradigmatic breeding orientations
What problem does the tool address?:Breeders need to develop – in a societally acceptable manner – high-yielding, good quality, resource-efficient cultivars that are climate-robust, culturally acceptable and contribute to ecosystem services. We analysed several challenges towards ecological and societal resilience given the current and future climatic, agronomic, economic and societal environment, which a single approach in plant breeding alone cannot solve.
What solution does the tool offer?:We identified four paradigmatic breeding orientations: community-based, ecosystem-based, trait-based, and corporatebased
Country:Netherlands
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englishseedshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6946
Englishplant breedinghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5956
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed > Liveseed tools
Netherlands > Other organizations
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727230
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/37864, https://orgprints.org/37864, https://www.debeerschehoeve.nl/
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Ortolani, Livia
ID Code:37864
Deposited On:14 Apr 2020 07:17
Last Modified:13 May 2020 12:20
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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