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Potential of multi-species livestock farming to improve the sustainability of livestock farms: A review.

Martin, Guillaume; Barth, Kerstin; Benoit, Marc; Brock, Christopher; Destruel, Marie; Dumont, Bertrand; Grillot, Myriam; Hübner, Severin; Magne, Marie-Angélina; Moerman, Marie; Mosnier, Claire; Parsons, David; Ronchi, Bruno; Schanz, Lisa; Steinmetz, Lucille; Werne, Steffen; Winckler, Christoph and Primi, Riccardo (2020) Potential of multi-species livestock farming to improve the sustainability of livestock farms: A review. Agricultural Systems, 181, pp. 102821-00.

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Online at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2020.102821

Summary

Diversified farming systems are proposed as a major mechanism to address the many sustainability issues of today's agriculture. Multi-species livestock farming, i.e. keeping two or more animal species simultaneously on the same farm, is an option that has received little attention to date. Moreover, most studies of multi-species livestock farming are limited, usually focusing on selected dimensions of farm sustainability and addressing lower organizational levels (i.e. within the farm) and rather limited time horizons (e.g. a few weeks in a grazing season). Thus, a comprehensive assessment of multi-species livestock farming in terms of farm sustainability is lacking. In this context, we outline and discuss potential benefits and limitations of multi-species livestock farming for livestock farm sustainability from existing literature and list issues on multi-species livestock farming requiring further research. We show that multi-species livestock farming has the potential to improve the three dimensions of sustainability reviewed - economic viability for farmers, environmental soundness and social acceptability by being respectful of animals and humans - as long as locally relevant farming practices are implemented, especially an appropriate stocking rate during grazing. If relevant practices are not observed, multi-species livestock farming may produce undesirable effects, such as competition for resource acquisition during grazing, parasitic cross-infection and more intense work peaks. Therefore, we identify four focal research areas for multi-species livestock farming. First, characterizing the management of multi-species livestock farms. To do this, we suggest considering the integration of production enterprises (e.g. cattle and sheep enterprises)
within the farm from three perspectives: farming practices (e.g. grazing management), work organization and sales. Second, exploring the complementarity of livestock species on multi-species livestock farms. This is especially true for species combinations that have been largely ignored (e.g. ruminants and monogastrics), even though they may have potential due to complementary diet compositions and resource-acquisition strategies. Third, assessing the sustainability of multi-species livestock farm scenarios (current or alternative) according to the management practices and production conditions, which requires adapting existing methods/models or developing new ones. Fourth, characterizing conditions for success and obstacles for multi-species livestock farming along the value chain from production to consumption, considering stakeholders' objectives, work habits and constraints. Increasing understanding should help prioritize actions and organize them to scale up multi-species livestock farming.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Agrobiodiversity Co-grazing Mixed farming Multi-species farming Sustainability
Subjects: Farming Systems
Animal husbandry
Research affiliation: France > ENSAT
European Union > CORE Organic Cofund > Mix-Enable
Austria > Univ. BOKU Wien
Belgium > Centre Wallon de Recherche Agronomique (CRA-W) (Gembloux)
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland
France > INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Italy
Sweden > Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) > Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden
DOI:10.1016/j.agsy.2020.102821
Deposited By: Martin, Dr Guillaume
ID Code:37782
Deposited On:23 Mar 2020 08:45
Last Modified:23 Mar 2020 08:45
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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