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Organic conservation tillage – evidence from more than 15 years of research

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Krauss, Maike and Mäder, Paul (2019) Organic conservation tillage – evidence from more than 15 years of research. In: Agroscope, FiBL, ETH (Eds.) Program and abstract book. Comparing organic and conventional agricultural cropping systems - What can be learned from the DOK and other long-term trials? Congressi Stefano Franscini, Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland, October 6-10, 2019, p. 67.

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Summary

In Europe, the plough is a common machine for soil tillage. Its history is dating back to the early days of agriculture and hence its use is deeply rooted in European culture. With ongoing heavier machines, larger fields and less landscape diversity, ploughing contributed to large-scale soil degradation. The bare soil surface is prone to erosion; the risk of soil fertility decrease is high. Long-term sustainability of current ploughing practices is therefore questioned. In organic farming, ploughing is seen as an important tool for weed control, ley termination and incorporation of organic material. Yet, also organic farming practices can still be improved. The aim was therefore to replace ploughing by less intensive tillage methods and to monitor changes in soil quality and yield performance. At FiBL, research started roughly in 2000 with both scientific and practice oriented trials and collaborations.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:soil sciences, conservation tillage, long-term experiments, TILMAN-ORG
Subjects: Knowledge management > Research methodology and philosophy > Systems research and participatory research
Crop husbandry > Soil tillage
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil Sciences
Related Links:https://www.fibl.org.live.fibl.info/en/locations/switzerland/work-areas-switzerland/soil-sciences.html, https://www.tilman-org.net/tilman-org-home-news.html
Deposited By: Mäder, Paul
ID Code:36898
Deposited On:04 Dec 2019 14:01
Last Modified:04 Dec 2019 14:01
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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