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Ekologisk slaktkyckling på hemmaproducerat foder och bete efter nöt

{Project} Ekologisk slaktkyckling på hemmaproducerat foder och bete efter nöt. [Organic Broilers in Floorless Pens on Pasture.] Runs 2000 - 2004. Project Leader(s): Bassler, Arnd, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SLU.

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Summary

Trots att konventionell kycklinguppfödning idag på många håll inte är överensstämmande med idéerna bakom ekologisk djurhållning (t.ex. benproblem och cikulationsrubbningar, preventiv medicinering, ingredienser till foderrationen och året-runt uppfödning inomhus), finns det fortfarande knappast någon ekologisk kycklinguppfödning i Sverige. Projektet syftar till att bidra till att utveckla ett ekologisk system för svensk kycklinguppfödning. Områden som behandlas är:
- Komposition av ett hemmaproducerat foder, inkl. experiment med konservering av proteinkällor som mjölk eller ägg som kycklingfoder.
- Test av långsamväxande raser.
- Kycklingarnas effekt på betet.
- Betets potentiella bidrag till kycklingarnas näringsförsörjning.
Fältstudier görs under sommaren, då kycklingarna hålls i flyttbara burar på betet, som beskrivits av den nordamerikanske bonden Salatin. Den teoretiska bakgrunden är ett blandat odlingssytem med djur där samspelet mellan delarna ses som en potential för att höja efektiviteten i utnyttjandet av lokala resurser. Arbetet kommer att rapporteras i en doktorsavhandling.

Summary translation

Different aspects of rearing broilers organically in floorless pens on pasture were investigated. The birds and pens were moved daily to fresh pasture. The interdisciplinary studies comprise the birds' growth performance and carcass quality, health, behaviour, leg condition and the birds’ effect on pasture. In the final study, on-farm diets were tested in a feeding experiment indoors.
The data are based on four experiments carried out during 2000 to 2003.
In 2000 and 2002, restricted-fed conventional broilers (ROSS 208) were reared in floorless pens on pasture and in control groups outdoors on straw.
In 2001, two genotypes, ROSS 208 and the slow-growing ISA 657 were reared on three ground types, pasture, outdoors on straw and indoors on wood shavings with either an ad libitum or restricted feeding level.
In 2003, a feeding experiment with slow-growing broilers (ISA 957) fed on-farm diets in a choice feeding system was conducted indoors. Most birds were reared to 12 weeks of age, but ad libitum-fed ROSS birds were reared to 6 weeks. The experimental phase was from ca. 3 weeks to slaughter.
The experiments indicate that under the given conditions
- access to pasture does not offer sufficient protein and metabolizable energy to
allow considerable feed savings in the farm enterprise (Study I)
- moving the floorless pens daily provides favourable conditions to prevent infections
with Eimeria in outdoor broilers. No Campylobacter was found in the birds on
pasture (Study II)
- access to pasture as such appears to play no major role for the broilers'
physical activity (Study III) or leg condition (Study IV)
- broiler chickens on pasture can sustain white clover in a mixed
grass/white clover pasture (Study V)
- with access to high-quality protein during the first three weeks there is a
good potential to produce organic broiler meat with feed produced on-farm in northwestern Europe (Study VI).

EPrint Type:Project description
Keywords:daily fresh pasture, on-farm diets, two genotypes, slow-growing strain, Campylobacter, coccidiosis, leg condition, botanical composition
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Poultry
Farming Systems
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Animal husbandry > Breeding and genetics
Research affiliation: Sweden > University SLU > Animal Nutrition and Management
Research funders: Sweden > Swedish Board of Agriculture SJV
Location:Department of Animal Nutrition and Management
Kungsängens Research Centre
SE-753 23 Uppsala
Arnd.Bassler@huv.slu.se
Start Date:1 January 2000
End Date:31 October 2004
Deposited By: Fredriksson, Pelle
ID Code:7729
Deposited On:20 Feb 2008
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:32

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