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Nematode dynamics under minimum tillage

Hallmann, Johannes; Schmidt, Jan Henrik and Finckh, Maria Renate (2015) Nematode dynamics under minimum tillage. In: Širca, Saša; Stare, Barbara Gerič and Razinger, Jaka (Eds.) Book of Abstracts. Plant Health for Sustainble Agriculture, Conference 11-12.05.2015, Collegium Graphicum, Ljubljana, p. 103.

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Summary

Agriculture has transformed over the past centuries dramatically to become highly dependent on non-renewable fossil fuels, synthetic fertilizers and plant protection agents. This often occurs at the cost of soil degradation and soil food web disturbance. Future agriculture must not only be productive but also provide ecosystem services such as carbon sequestration, pest and disease suppression, nutrient cycling and water storage to become sustainable in the long-term. Sustainability is especially fostered by reduced tillage and the presence of a permanent layer of plant residues. Under such conditions, soil compaction is reduced, soil structure improved, water infiltration enhanced, soil organic content increased and microbial activity stimulated. However, continuous soil cover, especially associated with permanent growth of plants, might also enhance plant-parasitic nematode densities due to permanent food supply. The effect of minimum tillage on nematode dynamics was studied within the EU-funded project “Optimizing subsidiary crop applications in rotations”. The rotation consisted of clover-grass, winter wheat, cover crop, and potato. The following treatments were studied: Plough versus minimum tillage, white clover versus subterranean clover as undersown crops in winter wheat, vetch versus a 1:4 mix of fodder radish and black oats as cover crop following winter wheat, and with and without 5t DM ha-1 compost application. Initially, the field was infested with Helicotylenchus, Meloidogyne, Paratylenchus, Pratylenchus and Tylenchorhynchus. Pratylenchus and Helicotylenchus increased under wheat and Meloidogyne was supported by white clover and subterranean clover as undersown crops. Population densities of all nematode taxa declined during the following catch crop and potato. There was no difference in nematode population dynamics between plough versus minimum tillage, nor between compost versus no compost. Results will be discussed considering the recent literature.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:sustainable agriculture, nematodes, crop rotation, subsidiary crops, OSCAR
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Research affiliation: Germany > Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants - JKI > Institute for Epidemiology and Pathogen Diagnostics
Germany > University of Kassel > Department of Ecological Plant Protection
European Union > OSCAR
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:289277
ISBN:978-961-6505-72-7
Deposited By: Hallmann, Prof. Dr Johannes
ID Code:28924
Deposited On:03 Jul 2015 09:26
Last Modified:03 Jul 2015 09:26
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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