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How to control weeds in organic pome fruit (BIOFRUITNET Practice Abstract)

{Tool} How to control weeds in organic pome fruit (BIOFRUITNET Practice Abstract). Creator(s): Mora Vargas, Alfredo and Kelderer, Markus. Issuing Organisation(s): Laimburg Research Centre. Biofruitnet Practice Abstract, no. 041. (2023)

[thumbnail of How to control weeds in organic pome fruit] PDF - Published Version - English (How to control weeds in organic pome fruit)
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[thumbnail of Come controllare le erbe infestanti nella produzione di pomacee biologiche] PDF - Published Version - Italian/Italiano (Come controllare le erbe infestanti nella produzione di pomacee biologiche)
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Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/45940

Summary in the original language of the document

Using mechanical tillage allows for proper weed management under the row.
Practical recommendation
Potential alternatives for weed management under the tree row:
• Mulching is a technique that involves the use of organic material (e.g., bark, straw, chopped wood) (picture A) and inorganic material (e.g., maize starch film or polyethylene) (picture B) to cover the soil under the tree row. Mice can build nests inside the covers, which is a major disadvantage of this practice.
• Flame weeding is an agronomic practice that uses fire to physically control weeds (picture C). A major advantage of this technique is that it does not damage the soil structure or tree roots. Disadvantages include high energy consumption, high fire risks, and possible damage to leaves, fruit, and microfauna.
• With mechanical tillage, weeds are eliminated and contained using different equipment. Grassing and weed suppression are the main objectives of this technique.
• For a correct control strategy, it is advisable to carry out tamping with a disc plough or power harrow in spring and then carry out several brushing operations during the summer period.
• As part of the DOMINO project, alternatives to weed control through controlled seeding of weed species were investigated. Factors to be considered are height (up to 45 cm), low light and nutrient requirements, high competitiveness against weeds, high attractiveness for beneficial insects, high dissemination capacity (stoloniferous plants) and persistence (perennial plants). Some examples of herbaceous plants that have fulfilled these factors in Northern Italy: Gallium mollugo, Trifolium repens, T. resupinatum, T. repens, Achillea millefolium.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Rapidly spreading weeds use nutrients, water, space, and light meant for productive plants and trees. In the field, their aggressiveness and adaptability contribute to their spread.
What solution does the tool offer?:Control strategies are implemented by integrating preventive and agronomic measures that enhance pest management.
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:Weed control, preventative measures, mechanical weeding, mulching, flame weeding
Agrovoc keywords:
weed control
mechanical weed control
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Biofruitnet
Italy > Laimburg Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry of BZ Province
European Union > Organic Farm Knowledge
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:862850
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/45940, https://biofruitnet.eu
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Basler, Andreas
ID Code:45940
Deposited On:25 Apr 2023 14:44
Last Modified:02 May 2024 10:32
Document Language:English, German/Deutsch, Italian/Italiano

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