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Enhancing biodiversity with "Anchor plants" in organic orchards (BIOFRUITNET Practice Abstract)

{Tool} Enhancing biodiversity with "Anchor plants" in organic orchards (BIOFRUITNET Practice Abstract). Creator(s): Adolphi, Christina and Oeser, Niklas. Issuing Organisation(s): FÖKO - Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau. Biofruitnet Practice Abstract, no. 035. (2022)

[thumbnail of Enhancing biodiversity with "Anchor plants" in organic orchards] PDF - Published Version - English (Enhancing biodiversity with "Anchor plants" in organic orchards)
[thumbnail of Förderung der biologischen Vielfalt mit "Ankerpflanzen" im Öko-Obstbau] PDF - Published Version - German/Deutsch (Förderung der biologischen Vielfalt mit "Ankerpflanzen" im Öko-Obstbau)
[thumbnail of Améliorer la biodiversité grâce aux "plantes de tournière" dans les vergers biologiques] PDF - Published Version - French/Francais (Améliorer la biodiversité grâce aux "plantes de tournière" dans les vergers biologiques)

Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/44718

Summary in the original language of the document

Additional shrubs/woody plants in the orchard promote flowering and provide food (aphids, flowers, and fruits as winter food) for a variety of insects and birds. The more abundant flowering may also a positive impact on tourism and landscape attractiveness.
Practical recommendation
Selection of suitable anchor plant species and planting material:
• Select shrubs with a long flowering period and with at least a low to medium nectar supply.
• The flowering period of the selected species should be outside the fruit blossom period.
• When selecting species
o Avoid host plants of the cherry fruit fly and cherry vinegar fly, runner plants, wood plants suscepti-ble to fire blight, and vectors of the rain spot disease.
o Select species that have fruits as winter food for birds.
• Shrubs that can be recommended in Germany for use as anchor plants include wild privet (Ligustrum vul-gare); guelder rose (Viburnum opulus), European spindle (Euonymus europaeus); and wild roses (Rosa spp.).
• Protect the plants against browsing by deer and hares.
• Ensure sufficient watering of the new plantings, especially in the first year.
• Plant during the optimal planting period: from late autumn to spring.
• Place the anchor plants at the beginning and/or the end of each row or every second, if possible.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Intensively managed orchards often contain only a low diversity of different woody plants and, consequently, a low food supply for beneficial insects other than the fruit tree blossoms.
What solution does the tool offer?:Anchor plants increase the biodiversity and structural diversity of woody plants in the orchard. Anchor plants are shrubs planted on one or both ends of each tree row, where the anchors of modern planting scaffolds are located.
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:Plant protection, Biodiversity
Agrovoc keywords:
plant protection
Subjects: Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Biofruitnet
Germany > Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau - FÖKO
European Union > Organic Farm Knowledge
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:862850
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/44718, https://biofruitnet.eu
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Basler, Andreas
ID Code:44718
Deposited On:09 Dec 2022 16:40
Last Modified:02 May 2024 10:31
Document Language:English, German/Deutsch, French/Francais

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