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Hedges as a valuable component of biodiversity enhancement in organic orchards (BIOFRUITNET Practice Abstract)

{Tool} Hedges as a valuable component of biodiversity enhancement in organic orchards (BIOFRUITNET Practice Abstract). Creator(s): Adolphi, Christina and Oeser, Niklas. Issuing Organisation(s): FÖKO - Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau. Biofruitnet Practice Abstract, no. 029. (2022)

[thumbnail of Hedges as a valuable component of biodiversity enhancement in organic orchards] PDF - Published Version - English (Hedges as a valuable component of biodiversity enhancement in organic orchards)
[thumbnail of Mehr Hecken für mehr Vielfalt! Biodiversitätsförderung im Öko-Obstbau] PDF - Published Version - German/Deutsch (Mehr Hecken für mehr Vielfalt! Biodiversitätsförderung im Öko-Obstbau)

Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/44717

Summary in the original language of the document

Planting hedgerows will enhance the ecological value of the orchards and provide an increased supply of food and nesting sites for a variety of birds, insects, amphibians and other small animals.
Practical recommendation
Selection of suitable species and planting material
• Build up a natural herbaceous margin of wild plant species along its edge over time as valuable refuges for many plant and animal species.
• A hedge should provide a rich flowering offering shelter for insects over as long a period as possible, ideally outside the fruit tree flowering period.
• Select suitable woody plants taking care not to introduce host plants for diseases and pests relevant in fruit growing. (e.g., elder is a host plant for cherry vinegar fly; hawthorn can transmit fire blight).
• Suitable trees and shrubs for a near-natural hedge can vary depending on the region/country. In Germany, for example, the following have proven to be suitable:
- Trees: Field maple (Acer campestre), Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia), Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus);
- Shrubs: Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea), Hazel (Coryllus avellana), Elder (Sambucus nigra), Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas).
Planting and care
• Protect individual plants against browsing by deer and hares with browsing protection wire or repellent paint.
• Provide sufficient water, especially in the year of planting.
• Hedges should preferably be cut back ("stocked") in sections at 8-10 year intervals, not full length, so that different age and depth structures can develop within the hedge.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Modern intensively managed orchards often have a low diversity of different woody plants and thus only a small food supply for beneficial insects outside the fruit tree blossom period.
What solution does the tool offer?:Hedges increase the structural and species diversity in orchards. A near-natural hedge consists of several differ-ent native woody species and an herbaceous border.
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:Plant protection, Pest control, Biological pest control
Agrovoc keywords:
plant protection
pest control
biological pest control
Subjects: Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Biofruitnet
Germany > Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau - FÖKO
European Union > Organic Farm Knowledge
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:862850
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/44717, https://biofruitnet.eu
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Basler, Andreas
ID Code:44717
Deposited On:09 Dec 2022 16:33
Last Modified:02 May 2024 10:31
Document Language:English, German/Deutsch

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