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Can black soldier fly live larvae supplementation modify gut histomorphology of organic chickens?

Colombino, Elena; Biasato, Ilaria; Bongiorno, Valentina; Gai, Francesco; Zambotto, Valeria; Gariglio, Marta; Prai, Federico; Cardello, Mattia; Gasco, Laura; Schiavone, Achille and Capucchio, Maria Teresa (2022) Can black soldier fly live larvae supplementation modify gut histomorphology of organic chickens? In: Book of Abstracts, Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy, Germany, 106, Series Bornimer Agrartechnische Berichte.

[thumbnail of Poster INSECTA2022.pdf] PDF - Published Version - English

Document available online at: https://insecta-conference.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/09/BAB_106_Insecta_2022_final_mit-U1.pdf


The effects of insect meal on gut health have recently been
reported in free-range and broiler chickens, but no data are available for intermediate growing chickens supplemented with black soldier fly (BSF) live larvae. Label naked neck chickens were reared from 21 to 82 days of age and randomly allotted into four groups (n=240, 10 birds/pen, 6
replicates/treatment) according to bird gender (male-M and female-F) and larvae provision (Control-C and larvae-L). LM and LF groups received 10% supplementation of BSF
live larvae, based on the average daily feed intake. At slaughter, samples of liver, spleen, bursa of Fabricius, and gut were collected from 60 animals (15 birds/treatment) and routinely processed for histomorphological examination. The
following morphometrical parameters were evaluated on duodenum, jejunum, and ileum: villus height (Vh), villus width (Vw), crypt depth (Cd), Vh/Cd ratio, total absorptive area, mucosal and muscular thickness. The observed histopathological findings were evaluated using a semi-quantitative scoring system (0: absent, 1: mild, 2: moderate, 3: severe).
Morphometrically,Vh,TAA and mucosal tickness depended on sex ,being greater in M than in F(P<0.05).
Also, Vw was influenced by the interation diet x sex, being greater in CM than in CF (P= 0,016). Apart fom Cd, all the evaluated morphometric indices depended on gu segment (P<0,001).
Histologically, gut showed absent to moderate multifocal lymphoplasmacytic enteritis. Liver showed mild
lymphoplasmacytic inflammation and absent to moderate multifocal vacuolar degeneration. Bursa of Fabricius presented absent to mild cortical depletion while spleen did not show any alterations. Althoug the severity of all the observed lesions was not influenced by diet (P>0.05), liver degeneration depended on sex, being higher in F than in M (P= 0,025). In conclusion, despite the slight reduction of the total
absorptive area in females, results showed that BSF live larvae provision did not impair gut and general health of organic chickens, assuring a physiological, sex-dependent gut morphological asset.
Financial support for Poultrynsect project was provided by transnational funding bodies under the Joint SUSFOOD2/CORE Organic Call 2019.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Agrovoc keywords:
black soldier fly -> Hermetia illucens
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Animal husbandry
Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Poultry
Research affiliation: Italy > CNR - National Research Council
Italy > Univ. Torino
Deposited By: Gai, Dr Francesco
ID Code:44482
Deposited On:22 Sep 2022 10:26
Last Modified:22 Sep 2022 10:26
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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