home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

The introduction of strip cropping into the mid-Adriatic region (DiverIMPACTS Practice Abstract)

{Tool} The introduction of strip cropping into the mid-Adriatic region (DiverIMPACTS Practice Abstract). [L'introduzione della coltivazione a strisce nel Medio Adriatico (DiverIMPACTS Practice Abstract).] Creator(s): Colombo, Luca; Campanelli, Gabriele and Seghetti, Marco. Issuing Organisation(s): CREA - Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, FIRAB - Fondazione Italiana per la Ricerca in Agricoltura Biologica e Biodinamica. (2022)

[thumbnail of 2022-09-15-14_06_23-Protokoll.png]
Image (PNG) - Cover Image - English
[thumbnail of Colombo et al-Strip-Cropping-PA.pdf] PDF - Published Version - English
[thumbnail of Colombo et al-Strip-Cropping-PA-IT.pdf] PDF - Published Version - Italian/Italiano

Document available online at: https://zenodo.org/record/6322893#.YyMVK3ZByUk


In the organic farms of case study 22 (CS22), operating on sloping ground, no substantial productive differences in total Land Equivalent Ratio (LER) were found when comparing strips and pure stands of the tested species (field bean, emmer, sunflower). However, the partial LER of the legume crop showed a higher performance which was counterbalanced by the lower partial LER of cereal crops. Introducing a cover crop before the spring crop (redesigning the strip cropping system) helped in reducing erosion and the risk of leaching, as well as increasing C inputs. In the case of field experiment 9 (FE9), operating in flat areas and whose experimental design is represented in Picture 1, the species combinations in the strip-cropped plots exploited synergies between the different crops and always resulted in higher total biomass. In the case of zucchini (HF1 commercial Galatea), combined with soft wheat (heterogeneous material; ‘frumento’ in Pic. 1), a strong increase in production was consistently recorded compared to the pure stand with identical transplantation date, probably due to the wind-breaking effect of the high wheat leading to increased temperatures in the zucchini strips (Pic. 2).

Summary translation

Nelle aziende biologiche del caso studio 22 (CS22), che operano su terreni in pendenza, non sono state riscontrate differenze produttive sostanziali nel rapporto totale di Land Equivalent Ratio (LER) quando si sono confrontate strisce e parcelle in purezza delle specie testate (fava, farro, girasole). Tuttavia, il LER parziale della coltura di legumi ha mostrato un rendimento superiore controbilanciato dal LER parziale inferiore delle colture di cereali. L'introduzione di una coltura di copertura prima della coltura primaverile (ridisegnando il sistema di coltivazione a strisce) ha contribuito a ridurre l'erosione e il rischio di lisciviazione, oltre ad aumentare gli apporti di carbonio al suolo. Nel caso dell'esperimento di campo 9 (FE9), che opera in aree pianeggianti e il cui disegno sperimentale è rappresentato nella figura 1, le combinazioni di specie negli appezzamenti coltivati a strisce hanno sfruttato le sinergie tra le diverse colture e hanno sempre portato a una biomassa totale più elevata. Nel caso dello zucchino (cv. Galatea commerciale HF1), combinato con il grano tenero (materiale eterogeneo; in Fig. 1), si è registrato un forte aumento della produzione rispetto alle parcelle in purezza aventi identica data di trapianto, probabilmente dovuto all'effetto frangivento del grano alto che ha portato a un utile aumento delle temperature nelle strisce di zucchini (Fig. 2).

EPrint Type:Practice tool
Teaser:Get practical recommendations for the application of srtip cropping in the mid-Adriatic region.
What problem does the tool address?:Strip cropping is rarely used in Italy. Practical and scientific knowledge needs to be developed in order to apply strip cropping appropriately in this region which has high levels of variation in the size and topography of farm fields and heterogeneous equipment among holdings. The application of strip cropping can be of particular relevance for farmers interested in growing minor species and local cultivars that form a part of local culinary heritage since these crops can be made more viable through strip cropping (since it can boost their yields and decrease their cultivation needs).
What solution does the tool offer?:Identifying the best combinations of plant species so that the farming practices necessary for one crop do not negatively interfere with those of the other. Defining optimal strip and field widths, considering the width of machinery (especially for tillage and harvesting) to reduce unproductive headlands and working time.
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:strip cropping, assessment
Agrovoc keywords:
cropping systems
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Diverimpacts
Italy > CREA
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:727482
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/44470, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/44408, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/42676
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Rüger, Madelaine Lea
ID Code:44470
Deposited On:18 Oct 2022 07:33
Last Modified:18 Oct 2022 07:33
Document Language:English, Italian/Italiano

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics