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High N relative to C mineralization of clover leaves at low temperatures in two contrasting soils

Frøseth, Randi Berland; Thorup-Kristensen, Kristian; Hansen, Sissel and Bleken, Marina Azzaroli (2022) High N relative to C mineralization of clover leaves at low temperatures in two contrasting soils. Geoderma, 406 (115483), pp. 1-9.

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Document available online at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2021.115483


Summary

Predicting N mineralization from green manure in different soil types during the cold season is instrumental for
improving crop management with higher N use efficiency and reduced risks of N losses in a cool and humid
climate. The objective of our work was to study the effects of low temperatures and soil type on the net nitrogen
(N) mineralization and the relationship between N and carbon (C) mineralization from N-rich plant material. A
silty clay loam and a sandy loam were incubated with or without clover leaves for 80 days at 0, 4, 8.5 or 15 ◦C.
The results showed a substantial mineralization of N in clover leaves (7% of N added), unaffected by temper-
ature, already on 3rd day. This was followed by net N immobilization for about 4 weeks in the clay soil, with
similar tendencies in the sandy soil, and more severely at the higher than the lower temperatures. After 80 days
of incubation, net N mineralization was only 13–22% of total N in clover leaves. The ratio of net mineralized N to
C was higher at lower temperatures, and higher in the sandy than in the clay soil. After the immobilization
period, the N mineralization increased, positively related to temperature, and the ratio of net mineralized N to C
became constant. In conclusion, low temperature during the initial phase of mineralization altered the ratio
between net N and C mineralization from easily decomposable plant material, and the net N mineralization
occurred more rapidly in the sandy soil. The change in stoichiometry at low temperatures, as well as the
modifying effect of soil type, should be considered when predicting N mineralization of N-rich plant material.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Litter decomposition; Cold climate; Soil type; N dynamics; C/N ratio
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
agronomic practices
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_330610
English
biological activity in soil
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_9264
English
plant available nitrogen
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_05f1777f
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Pasture and forage crops
Soil > Nutrient turnover
Research affiliation: Denmark > KU - University of Copenhagen
Norway > NMBU - Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Norway > NIBIO – Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research
Norway > NORSØK - Norwegian Centre for Organic Agriculture
DOI:10.1016/j.geoderma.2021.115483
Deposited By: Hansen, Sissel
ID Code:43526
Deposited On:01 Feb 2022 07:27
Last Modified:01 Feb 2022 07:27
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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