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From isolation to application: a case study of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi of the Arabian Peninsula

Al-Yahya'ei, Mohamed N.; Blaszkowski, Janusz; Al-Hashmi, Hamood; Al-Farsi, Khaled; Al-Rashdi, Ismail; Patzelt, Annette; Boller, Thomas; Wiemken, Andres and Symanczik, Sarah (2021) From isolation to application: a case study of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi of the Arabian Peninsula. Symbiosis, online, pp. 1-10.

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Document available online at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13199-021-00824-x


Summary

The vegetation in the Arabian Peninsula experiences drought, heat, soil salinity, and low fertility, mainly due to low phosphorus (P) availability. The beneficial mycorrhizal symbiosis between plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) is a key factor supporting plant growth under such environmental conditions. Therefore, AMF strains isolated from these soils might be useful as biotechnological tools for agriculture and revegetation practices in the region. Here we present a pioneering program to isolate, identify, and apply AMF isolated from rhizosphere soils of agricultural and natural habitats, namely date palm plantations and five native desert plants, respectively in the Southern Arabian Peninsula. We established taxonomically unique AMF species as single-spore cultures as part of an expanding collection of AMF strains adapted to arid ecosystems. Preliminary experiments were conducted to evaluate the abilities of these AMF strains to promote seedling growth of a main crop Phoenix dactylifera L. and a common plant Prosopis cineraria L. (Druce) in the Arabian Peninsula. The results showed that inoculation with certain AMF species enhanced the growth of both plants, highlighting the potential of these fungi as part of sustainable land use practices in this region.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Date palm, desert ecosystem, Mycorrhizal symbiosis, Oman, native plants, mycorrhizae, soil quality, Abacus, FiBL10100
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
date palms -> Phoenix dactylifera
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5791
English
drought
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2391
English
mycorrhizae
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5023
English
soil quality
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_a9645d28
Subjects: Crop husbandry
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > International > Regions > Arab States
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil > Soil quality
DOI:10.1007/s13199-021-00824-x
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:43252
Deposited On:14 Jan 2022 14:02
Last Modified:17 Jan 2022 11:54
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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