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Biodiversity in and around Greenhouses: Benefits and Potential Risks for Pest Management

Messelink, Gerben; Lambion, Jérôme and Paul, van Rijn (2021) Biodiversity in and around Greenhouses: Benefits and Potential Risks for Pest Management. Insects, 12 (10), p. 933.

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Document available online at: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4450/12/10/933


Summary

The role of plant diversity near greenhouses is heavily debated because it may have both negative and positive effects on pest control inside greenhouses. In this review, we discuss these potential risks and benefits. Although there is the risk of an increased influx of some pests and of viruses transmitted by pests, we argue that biodiversity in the adjacent environment usually has limited effects on pest abundance in greenhouses in temperate climates, as most greenhouse pests in temperate climates are of exotic origin. The main benefit of increased biodiversity near greenhouses is the immigration of natural enemies that can suppress pests inside greenhouses. An open question is how this can be promoted by specific plant communities, plant characteristics, and habitats while minimising risks. Plant biodiversity inside greenhouses can also support biological control. We summarise general methods that growers can use to enhance pest control with functional biodiversity and suggest that it is particularly important to study how biodiversity inside and outside greenhouses can be linked to enhancement of biological pest control with both released and naturally occurring species of natural enemies.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:protected cultivation, biological control, ecosystem services, parasitoids, predators
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
biological control
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_918
English
ecosystem services
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1348040570280
English
parasitoids
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_34070
English
predators
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6163
English
protected cultivation
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6243
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Greenhouses and coverings
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic Cofund > GreenResilient
France > GRAB - Groupe de Recherche en Agriculture biologique
Netherlands > Wageningen University & Research (WUR)
Netherlands > Other organizations
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727495
DOI:10.3390/insects12100933
Related Links:https://www.greenresilient.net
Deposited By: Kemper, Laura
ID Code:42873
Deposited On:26 Nov 2021 11:23
Last Modified:26 Nov 2021 11:23
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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