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Final report for the CORE Organic Cofund funded project “Exploit biodiversity in viticultural systems to reduce pest damage and pesticide use, and increase ecosystems services provision (BIOVINE)” Period covered: March 2018 – May 2021

Rossi, Vittorio and Caffi, Tito (2021) Final report for the CORE Organic Cofund funded project “Exploit biodiversity in viticultural systems to reduce pest damage and pesticide use, and increase ecosystems services provision (BIOVINE)” Period covered: March 2018 – May 2021. .

[thumbnail of 2021_11_10 Final report.pdf] PDF - Accepted Version - English
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Summary

The main activity during the BIOVINE project was to develop new viticultural systems based on increased plant diversity within (eg, cover crops) and/or around (e.g., hedges, vegetation spots, edgings) vineyards by planting selected plant species for the control of arthropod pests, soil-borne pests (oomycetes, fungi, nematodes), and foliar pathogens. In particular, plant species were identified across a wide literature review of altogether more than 130 published papers (see details in Del 2.1.1 - 3.1.1 - 4.1.1 - 5.1.1) as:
- potential trap crops for Drosophila suzukii as well as repellent plant extracts to push Lobesia botrana away from grapevines (WP2);
- repellent for soil-borne nematodes (WP3);
- able to control and/or limit the spread of foliar pathogens (WP5);
- able to increase plant health through mycorrhizal fungi (WP4).
The solutions proposed for the innovative viticultural systems from each country were evaluated by UCSC through the multiple indicators analysis and several on-farm experiments were set up in France, Italy, Romania, Spain, and Switzerland. These experiments were focused on different soil management comparison to evaluate the effect of different selected cover crops combination in enhancing pest control and increasing biodiversity in the organic vineyards.
Each experiment conducted by different partners has interesting overall results. There was lower infestation by L. botrana in plots treated with extract from selected cover crops in Romania. Moreover, beneficial effect of cover crops was observed on pollinator and predator arthropods. Spore trap experiments led by UPV showed positive results in terms of spore dispersal reduction when using cover crops. Cover crops mixtures that were tested in Romanian and Italian vineyards resulted with significant reduction in some foliar diseases compared to control plots and traditional organic farm practice. Field trials conducted in Slovenia, resulted in significant reduction of Xiphinema index nematode population after biofumigation with selected cover crops (Brassica species). Moreover, glucosinolates effect was also observed to supress downy mildew infection, under laboratory conditions experiment. Results from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) analysis conducted in France showed that perennial cover crops were more colonized by R. irregularis compared to annual plants and arbuscule percentage was higher in Fabaceae than for Poaceae, which are common cover crops. The systems tested are now available for growers (in each Country) that may adopt them as solutions to reduce a specific pest (i.e. Lobesia botrana in Switzerland, downy mildew in Italy, nematodes in Slovenia). Analysis of viticultural systems conducted by UCSC showed that the most affected aspect of sustainability by the innovative systems proposed was the environmental one and it was increased at least one score in most of countries involved. Altogether, the innovative practices tested during the BIOVINE project, affected different EcoSystem Services (ESS):
- food production;
- pest and disease management pollination;
- erosion protection;
- carbon sequestration;
- nutrient cycling and soil fertility habitat quality; - fresh water storage;
- landscape quality;
- recreation and tourism.
In particular, a feasibility study of the payment for ecosystem services (PES) mechanism was carried out for two ESS (pest and disease management, and pollination) considering both a public scheme and a private one for each of them.


EPrint Type:Report
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
biodiversity
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_33949
English
cover crops -> cover plants
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1936
English
pest control
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5726
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries > Viticulture
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic Cofund > BioVine
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:1918
Deposited By: Rossi, Prof Vittorio
ID Code:42780
Deposited On:12 Nov 2021 11:16
Last Modified:12 Nov 2021 11:16
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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