home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

Health and behaviour of dairy calves reared with milk from bucket versus mother during four months

Bieber, Anna; Walkenhorst, Michael; Eppenstein, Rennie; Probst, J.K.; Thüer, Susann; Baki, Cem and Spengler Neff, Anet (2021) Health and behaviour of dairy calves reared with milk from bucket versus mother during four months. In: Book of Abstracts of the 72nd Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Sciences. Davos, Switzerland. 30 August - 3 September 2021, Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 27, p. 535.

[thumbnail of Bieber-etal-2021-EAAPBookofAbstracts-Vol27-p535.pdf] PDF - Published Version - English
Limited to [Depositor and staff only]

187kB


Summary

Early separation of cow and calf is still common practice on dairy farms. In recent years, interest in mother-based rearing practices has increased. They are seen as more in line with natural behaviour, labour-saving and healthpromoting for the calf, but also pose challenges, e.g. in terms of the cow’s willingness to let down milk or the pain of separation after established social bonding. We tested the hypothesis that calves allowed dam suckling (DS) twice a day would benefit with regard to weight gain, health related traits, and show less oral manipulations compared to bucket fed (BF) group mates. Therefore, we conducted two on farm trials with local German Friesian Cattle (farm 1: n=18 DS vs 17 BF) and Swiss Fleckvieh calves (farm 2: n=12 DS vs 11 BF) until the age of 122 days between autumn 2018 and summer 2020 within the CORE Organic Cofund project ProYoungStock. On farm 1 average daily weight gain (g/d) did not significantly differ between feeding groups (DS: 815±46 vs BF: 807±42 SE g/d, P=0.90).
By contrast, calves of primiparous cows on farm 2 benefited from mother bound rearing (DS: 1,133±73 SE vs BF: 714±88 SE g/d, P=0.002), but no statistical difference was found in calves of multiparous cows. Feeding groups did not differ on neither of the farms in terms of clinical findings regarding vitality, body condition traits, indicators for diarrhoea and respiratory disorders, although levels differed between farms. This was also true for number of medical treatment cycles (farm1: DS: 3.06±0.42 SE vs BF: 2.72±0.39, P=0.56; farm 2: DS: 1.00±0.32 SE vs BF: 1.08±0.30 SE, P=0.85). Number of oral manipulations of pen mates was consistently higher in bucket fed calves across both farms (farm 1: BF: 1.34±0.15 SE vs DS: 0.92±0.12, P=0.02; farm 2: BF: 0.24±0.06 SE vs DS: 0.13±0.03 SE, P=0.02), while objects were not manipulated with different frequencies between feeding groups. We conclude that restricted access to the mother alone does only have very limited effect on the traits investigated, while differing overall management conditions between farms show high impact on calf health and behaviour.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:cow calf contact, mother bonded calf rearing, dam rearing, calf rearing, ProYoungStock, Abacus, FiBL50090
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
cows
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1939
English
calves
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1219
English
animal husbandry
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8532
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Dairy cattle
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Beef cattle
Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic Cofund > ProYoungStock
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Animal welfare & housing > Animal husbandry
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Animal welfare & housing > Animal welfare
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Cattle
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727495
ISBN:978-90-8686-366-2
Related Links:https://www.proyoungstock.net/index.html
Deposited By: Bieber, Anna
ID Code:42747
Deposited On:10 Nov 2021 09:08
Last Modified:13 Jan 2022 10:13
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics