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Faba Bean: A Potential Intercrop In Organic Vegetable Production In A European Perspective?

Shanmugam, Sindhuja; Hefner, Margita; Willekens, Koen; Trinchera, Alessandra; Pirjo, Kivijärvi; Koopmans, Chris; Van Apeldoorn, Dirk; Lepse, Liga; Barbry, Joran; Valero, Constantino and Lakkenborg Kristensen, Hanne (2021) Faba Bean: A Potential Intercrop In Organic Vegetable Production In A European Perspective? Paper at: Organic World Congress 2021, Science Forum: 6th ISOFAR Conference co-organised with INRA, FiBL, Agroecology Europe, TP Organics and ITAB, Rennes, France, 8 - 10 September, 2021. [Completed]

[thumbnail of OWC2020-SCI-246.pdf] PDF - English
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Summary

Intercropping can provide ecological and yield benefits when selecting crops and management practices that balance the competition for resources. A field experiment was carried out under temperate conditions to study the effect of intercropping faba bean (Vicia faba L.) and pointed cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. conica) on yield and plant nitrogen (N) uptake. Both crops were grown in mono cropping (MC) and intercropping systems (IC). The yield of pointed cabbage per meter row was 28% higher under IC compared to MC. The ratio between marketable yield and total yield of pointed cabbage was also higher in IC. However, faba bean yield per meter row was reduced by 15% under IC. There was an indication of higher total N accumulation under IC followed by cabbage-MC and faba bean-MC. Soil mineral N at harvest (0-2.5 m depth) was lower in cabbage-MC, followed by IC and faba bean-MC. The intercropping system had a positive land equivalent ratio (LER) of 1.06, which points to the potential of using faba bean as an intercrop in sustainable organic vegetable production systems with higher N use efficiency. Results will be discussed in the wider perspective of several European trials on intercropping from the SureVeg-project (Strip-cropping and recycling for biodiverse and resource-efficient intensive vegetable production) and point to new knowledge for farmers wanting to implement intercropping.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:Land equivalent ratio, Nitrogen use efficiency, soil mineral nitrogen, Vicia faba L.
Subjects: Crop husbandry
Soil
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2021: Organic World Congress, Science Forum: 6th ISOFAR Conference co-organised with INRA, FiBL, Agroecology Europe, TP Organics and ITAB > Transitioning towards organic and sustainable food system
Denmark
Belgium
Italy
Finland
Netherlands
Latvia
Spain
Deposited By: rey, m. frederic
ID Code:42258
Deposited On:07 Sep 2021 13:12
Last Modified:07 Sep 2021 13:12
Document Language:English
Status:Unpublished
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:A book of abstracts of papers of the Science Forum at the Organic World Congress 2021, September 8-10, Online and on-site in Rennes, France '6th ISOFAR Conference co-organised with INRA, FiBL, Agroecology Europe, TP Organics and ITAB' has been published

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