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On-Farm Testing Of Emmer And Einkorn Landraces Under Organic Conditions In Hungary

Fehér, Judit; Bencze, Szilvia; Kalló, Péter; Földi, Mihály; Mikó, Péter and Drexler, Dóra (2021) On-Farm Testing Of Emmer And Einkorn Landraces Under Organic Conditions In Hungary. Paper at: Organic World Congress 2021, Science Forum: 6th ISOFAR Conference co-organised with INRA, FiBL, Agroecology Europe, TP Organics and ITAB, Rennes, France, 8 - 10 September, 2021. [Completed]

[thumbnail of OWC2020-SCI-1072.pdf] PDF - English
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Summary

Nowadays even organic agricultural and food systems mostly rely on a few species and within these species only a limited number of varieties. Diversification is key to a more healthy and balanced diet as well as to possible adaptation to the challenges of climate change and newly emerging pests and diseases. Ancient cereals like emmer and einkorn are good alternatives to common wheat, especially under marginal farming conditions. In order to facilitate their cultivation and use, based on a 3-year small plot experiment, the best performing cultivars were selected and re-introduced into on-farm (ÖMKi) and on-station (ATK) trials in 2018, including 9 emmer (7 winter and 2 spring) and 2 einkorn landraces together with 1 registered emmer (as standard) and 3 registered einkorn (Mv Alkor as standard) varieties. The results of the first year of on-farm data show a higher yield of winter emmer cultivars (around 2 t/ha in average), compared to einkorn (1 t/ha in average), some of the landraces being as high yielding as registered varieties of both species. Although locations with their soil quality and agricultural techniques play a major role in the performance of tested cultivars, emmer and einkorn landraces proved to be sustainable alternatives for organic farmers for diversification, also in case of marginal farming conditions.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:einkorn, emmer, landraces, organic, value chain
Subjects: Crop husbandry
Soil
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2021: Organic World Congress, Science Forum: 6th ISOFAR Conference co-organised with INRA, FiBL, Agroecology Europe, TP Organics and ITAB > Ecological approaches to systems' health
Hungary
Deposited By: rey, m. frederic
ID Code:42141
Deposited On:07 Sep 2021 13:12
Last Modified:07 Sep 2021 13:12
Document Language:English
Status:Unpublished
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:A book of abstracts of papers of the Science Forum at the Organic World Congress 2021, September 8-10, Online and on-site in Rennes, France '6th ISOFAR Conference co-organised with INRA, FiBL, Agroecology Europe, TP Organics and ITAB' has been published

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