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A typology of European organic multi-species livestock farms

BENOIT, Marc; Martin, Guillaume; Bernes, Gun; Blanc, Mathilde; Brock, Christopher; Destruel, Marie; Dumont, Bertrand; Grillot, Myriam; Ulukan, Defne; Lang, Elise; Magne, Marie-Angélina; Meischner, Tabea; MOERMAN, Marie; Oehen, Bernadette; Parsons, David; Primi, Riccardo; Schanz, Lisa; Steinmetz, Lucille; Veysset, Patrick and Winckler, Christoph (2021) A typology of European organic multi-species livestock farms. Workshop at: IAHA Preconference OWC, Rennes (France), 2021-09-06. [In Press]

[thumbnail of IAHA-PC2021_new-version_April2021 Marc Benoit V4.pdf] PDF - English


Keeping two or more livestock species or categories on the same farm simultaneously is a diversification option that has received little attention to date. We surveyed 95 organic multi-species livestock farms across six European countries to build a farm typology and characterise their diversity in structure, management, and performances. Farms combined cattle (meat, milk), small ruminants (meat, milk) and/or monogastrics. Survey data on the structure, management, and performances allowed for the creation of indicators (including farmer’s satisfaction) used to run a principal component analysis and an agglomerative hierarchical clustering to build the farm typology. The following variables structured the first four factors of the PCA: F1: Farm size and crop-pasture balance; F2: Intensification - Feed self-sufficiency; F3: Work productivity - Diversification activities and marketing; F4: Dairy cattle and permanent pasture. Four groups of farms emerged from the clustering: G1: Large area with a high share of crops, low feed autonomy, dairy cattle with beef cattle or pigs, on-farm processing, short sale channels and agritourism; G2: Prevalence of poultry with beef cattle, leading to high labour productivity and low feed autonomy, although ruminant diets highly rely (90%) on fodder; G3: Beef cattle associated with meat sheep, high feed autonomy, frequent short sale channels; G4: Italian farms with predominantly dairy ewes and dairy or meat cattle, rangelands, on-farm processing and short sale channels. Our next objective is to study the relationships between agricultural practices, work organisation, sales management and farm performances.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Workshop
Keywords:diversification, practices, work, marketing, ruminant, monogastric
Agrovoc keywords:
livestock systems
organic farming -> organic agriculture
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems
Farming Systems
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic > CORE Organic Cofund > Mix-Enable
France > INRAe - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:727495
Deposited By: Benoit, Mr Marc
ID Code:40164
Deposited On:29 Oct 2021 13:06
Last Modified:29 Jun 2023 14:22
Document Language:English
Status:In Press
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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