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Control of foliar pathogens in organic viticulture (BIOVINE Practice Abstract)

{Tool} Control of foliar pathogens in organic viticulture (BIOVINE Practice Abstract). Creator(s): Hasanaliyeva, Gultakin; Caffi, Tito and Rosi, Vittorio. Issuing Organisation(s): Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. CORE Organic Practice Abstracts. (2020)

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Summary

This BioVine Practice Abstract addresses the challenge of controlling foliar pathogens in organic viticulture. Practical recommendations for planting cover crops such as horseradish and mulching are provided to help farmers to reduce the use of pesticides and fungicides, while also generating economic benefits by preventing yield loss.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Different types of pests and abiotic stress factors (e.g., deficiency of nutrients, drought) reduce quantity and quality of agricultural and horticultural crops worldwide. Relevant fungal pathogens of grapevine produce inoculum (spores) on plant debris that present on the soil surface of vineyards. These spores travel to aerial plant organs by rain splashes (splash-borne pathogens, Plasmopara viticola) or air currents (air-borne pathogens, Botrytis cinerea) and, under favourable environmental conditions, can cause infections.
What solution does the tool offer?:Dense soil-covering vegetation is an efficient way to limit spore dispersal of fungal pathogens. Horseradish at different heights was planted as an interfering crop against dispersal of pathogenic spores. To monitor splash and wind dispersal (i.e., dispersal of Plasmopara viticola, Botrytis cinerea), a colouring experiment was launched on bare soil and on horseradish cover crop plots of different heights. Spore traps was later analysed for the presence of spores.
Country:Italy
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:Cover cropping, horseradish, organic viticulture, foliar pathogens
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
cover plants
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1936
English
horseradish
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_11614
English
vineyards
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15203
English
sowing
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7268
English
plant protection
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5978
English
plant disease control
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5960
English
grapes
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3359
English
viticulture
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8277
English
mulching
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4978
English
foliar diseases
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_25240
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Crop husbandry > Greenhouses and coverings
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries > Viticulture
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic Cofund > BioVine
Italy > Univ. Sacro Cuore Piacenza
Related Links:https://www.biovine.eu/, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/de/tool/39946
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Gernert, Maria
ID Code:39946
Deposited On:19 May 2021 08:36
Last Modified:22 Aug 2022 11:25
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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