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Species mixtures for lentil production in Germany (ReMIX Practice Abstract)

{Tool} Species mixtures for lentil production in Germany (ReMIX Practice Abstract). Creator(s): Timaeus, Johannes. Issuing Organisation(s): University of Kassel, IFOAM Organics Europe. ReMIX Practice abstracts, no. 6. (2020)

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Document available online at: https://www.remix-intercrops.eu/content/download/4089/38979/version/1/file/%236%20Species%20mixtures%20for%20lentil%20production%20in%20Germany.pdf


Summary

Outcome
High-quality, ecologically, and efficiently produced lentils are a valuable local product and can be a second crop (cereals, false flax).
Practical recommendations
- Lentil production in Germany requires intercropping to reduce lodging, increase harvest efficiency and suppress weeds.
- Possible crop partners are barley, oat and false flax. Short oat varieties avoid competition with the lentil.
- A fine-grained seeding bed is required.
- Sowing from the beginning to the end of April with 55 kg/ha of lentil and 35 kg/ha of oat at a sowing depth of 4 cm (optimal seeding depends on local conditions).
- Five days after sowing, one pass of tine harrow to reduce weeds. Harvest after 120 days.
- Technical separation of lentil and oat is critical and requires machinery at multiple steps: a cyclone, a cylinder separator, gravity separator and possibly an optical sorter. Sharing the machinery among farmers or producing the mixtures in large quantities will help reduce separation costs.
Practical testing/ Farmers’ experiences
The company Lauteracher Alb-Feld-Früchte organizes crop production, separation and marketing for 70 farmers. Products are marketed under the brand Alb-Leisa.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
Teaser:Intercropping reduces lodging and increase harvest efficiency in lentil production.
What problem does the tool address?:Today lentil production is concentrated in India, Canada and Turkey. Economically competitive, high-quality ecological production in the EU is challenging.
What solution does the tool offer?:Intercropping with oat to increase harvest efficiency, suppress weeds, and efficient multi-step technical separation and local marketing.
Country:Germany
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:Cropping systems, Arable farming, Low input agriculture, Intercropping, Cereal crops, Legumes, Ecological production, Food quality
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
cropping systems
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1971
English
diversification
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2344
English
cereal crops
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_25512
English
intercropping
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3910
English
legumes
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4255
English
ecological production
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_61ba93f1
English
food quality
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_10965
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: Germany > University of Kassel > Department of Ecological Plant Protection
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Remix
International Organizations > International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM > IFOAM EU Group
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:727217
Related Links:https://www.remix-intercrops.eu/, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/39716, https://www.uni-kassel.de/fb11agrar/en/home.html, https://www.organicseurope.bio
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: De Simone, Dr. Ambra
ID Code:39716
Deposited On:21 Apr 2021 08:08
Last Modified:26 Jul 2022 18:23
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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