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BOOSTING COMMON BUNT MANAGEMENT IN EUROPE

Klaedtke, Stéphanie; Borgen, Anders; Thüringer, Angela; Feher, Judit; Petcu, Victor; Bouchet, Jean-Pierre and REY, Frederic (2021) BOOSTING COMMON BUNT MANAGEMENT IN EUROPE. In: EUCARPIA Breeding and seed sector innovations for organic food systems, 1, pp. 105-106.

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Summary

Common bunt, caused by the fungi Tilletia caries and T. foetida, is a disease in wheat and related cereals. Starting from just a few spores on the seed, the disease can
develop in the crop and considerably reduce grain yield and especially quality. The disease is mainly seed-borne, although it can also persist in soils. Techniques that
allow the management of common bunt in organic farming - including sound crop management, observation, seed analyses and seed treatments – are well identified.
However, when these are not put into practice, occurrences of common bunt still regularly devastate organic wheat crops. The research and development presented here follows two objectives: Firstly, collecting techniques already available for bunt management and developing appropriate formats to disseminate them. Secondly, exploring new approaches to bunt management, ranging from novel seed treatments to more holistic approaches to plant health.
An inquiry into common bunt management was performed over 4 years in the LIVESEED project, putting emphasis on the exchange of knowledge between European countries
and across disciplinary boundaries. Meetings and workshops among researchers and practitioners allowed both for the exchange of knowledge on existing techniques for bunt management and for the emergence of unanswered questions. Field and laboratory trials were conducted to test and fine-tune seed treatments. Empirical experience with common bunt was explored through qualitative interviews. Particular
attention was placed on farmers’ varieties, which pose specific constraints.
As first outcome, several formats were developed for disseminating the knowledge on the combination of multiple practices that reduce the risk of common bunt, including
workshops, websites (English: ITAB, 2020; also available in French and Hungarian), videos and Practice Abstracts. Specific knowledge gaps (e.g. on how to properly treat seeds with vinegar) or frequent practical shortcomings (e.g. thorough seed cleaning) were highlighted. We infer that reliable bunt management in organic farming requires
specific knowledge on the disease cycle of the fungus, as well as practical and observation skills on behalf of practitioners.
As a second outcome, information on official thresholds for bunt spores in certified wheat seed in EU member states was retrieved, allowing for a comparison of national regulations. This also served as a basis for discussions on transparent, if not harmonized, rules for bunt management in organic wheat seed.
Thirdly, seed treatment examinations produced operational knowledge to optimize their application in organic agriculture. For instance, the effect of improper storage on
the product CERALL, which is based on antagonistic microorganisms, was tested; as well as phytotoxic effects of different vinegar concentrations. Novel treatments, such
as SonoSteam, Saponins and Laminarin were also investigated.
Unanswered questions for future research include: To what extent is bunt present in organic cropping systems without causing symptoms? What role does soil microbiota play in suppressing bunt? What types of plant defense mechanisms come into play?
Are there allelopathic effects of previous or mixed crops in diversified crop rotation?
Which farm-produced seed treatments may be efficient?
Further, findings on common bunt management will feed into a broader reflection on seed and plant health in organic systems.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
UNSPECIFIED
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: Denmark > Organic RDD 3 > SaaGodt
Denmark > Agrologica
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Liveseed
France > ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture Biologique
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727230
Deposited By: Borgen, Ph.D. Anders
ID Code:39690
Deposited On:14 Apr 2021 11:53
Last Modified:06 May 2021 08:38
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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