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Camelina processing: experience in Italy (OK-Net EcoFeed Practice abstract)

{Tool} Camelina processing: experience in Italy (OK-Net EcoFeed Practice abstract). Creator(s): Micheloni, Cristina. Issuing Organisation(s): AIAB - Associazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica. OK-Net Ecofeed Practice abstract. (2021)

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Summary

Regional production of Camelina cake, to be used as ani-mal feed. A new crop to be included into Northern Italy crop rotations, fitting organic farming practices and diver-sification needs. A high value product, oil, for use in food, cosmetics and nutraceuticals.
Camelina from organic cropping systems, in the Northern Italy environment, is sown in October and harvested in May/June. At harvesting time two types of problems can occur: a) weed pressure is high and it is hard to separate the small camelina seeds from other plant material; b) if harvested in wet weather condition a high moisture content can cause storage problems.
For high quality products, oil and cake, the following key points from harvest onwards should be considered:
• if possible wait for a dry week to harvest (Camelina siliqua – seed pods – do not open easily)
• if available use a harvester for alfalfa seed, otherwise use a combine harvester for wheat at low speed and, preferably, with straw separation
• if there is a high presence of other materials select the product with sifters and, if available, with optic tools
• if the seeds have a high moisture content, dry immediately, to avoid fermentation processes that reduce the quality of the seeds and, as a consequence, of the oil and cake
• oil extraction by pressure and at low temperatures preserves all nutritional components (tocopherols etc.) val-uable for feed, food, and cosmetic use.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Camelina is a new (or rediscovered) crop for Italian farm-ers and there is no experience in post-harvest and pro-cessing operations. At the same time there is the need to build a value chain for the oil, in order to be able to use the by-product, cake, as animal feed.
What solution does the tool offer?:Cold pressing of organic camelina seeds, with the produc-tion of crude oil and cake (Figure 1).
Country:Italy
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:Camelina, feeding, processing, feed processing, layers, pigs, harvested feed
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
Camelina
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_33634
English
feeding
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2838
English
processing
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6195
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Food systems > Processing, packaging and transportation
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Pigs
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Poultry
Crop husbandry > Post harvest management and techniques
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed > OK-Net Ecofeed Tools
Italy > AIAB
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:773911
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/39648, https://aiab.it/
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:39648
Deposited On:31 Mar 2021 10:28
Last Modified:31 Mar 2021 10:28
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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