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Influence of intra-row cruciferous surrogate weed growth on crop yield in organic spring cereals

Melander, Bo and McCollough, Margaret (2020) Influence of intra-row cruciferous surrogate weed growth on crop yield in organic spring cereals. Weed Research, 60, pp. 464-474.

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Summary

In Northern Europe, inter-row hoeing has become a popular tactic for controlling weeds in organic cereals. Hoeing is highly effective and can be implemented from crop emergence until stem elongation to maintain a nearly weed-free inter-row zone. However, hoeing has a lesser effect on weeds growing in the intra-row zone, where crop–weed proximity results in heightened competition. In the hoed cereal system, it is investigated whether tall-growing, competitive, cruciferous weeds in the intrarow zone affect crop biomass, yield and thousand kernel weight (TKW). An additive experimental design is employed to enable the fitting of rectangular hyperbolas, describing and quantifying the effects of increasing intra-row surrogate weed density on crop growth parameters. Regressions were studied under the influence of crop (spring barley and spring wheat), row spacing (narrow [12.5 or 15.0 cm] and wide [25.0 cm]) and nitrogen rate (50 and 100 kg NH4-N/ha). Cruciferous surrogate weeds were found to impact crop yield and quality severely. For example, ten intra-row plants/m2 of surrogate weed Sinapis alba reduced grains yields by 7%–14% in spring barley and by 7%–32% in spring wheat with yield losses becoming markedly greater
in wheat compared to barley as weed density increases. Compared to wheat, barley limited yield and quality losses and suppressed intra-row weed growth more. Row spacing did not have a consistent effect on crop or weed parameters; in one of six experiments, the 25 cm row spacing reduced yields and increased intra-row weed biomass in wheat. Nitrogen rate did not affect crop or weed parameters. Results warrant the implementation of additional tactics to control intra-row weeds and limit crop losses.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
weed competition
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_35266
English
barley
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_823
English
wheat
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8373
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: Denmark
Denmark > Organic RDD 2
Denmark > Organic RDD 2 > RowCrop
Denmark > CROPSYS
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727321
Deposited By: Melander, Senior Sci Bo
ID Code:39531
Deposited On:10 Mar 2021 17:15
Last Modified:06 Jun 2022 16:06
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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