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Embedding Cultivated Diversity in Society for Agro-Ecological Transition

Chable, Véronique; Nuijten, Edwin; Costanzo, Ambrogio; Goldringer, Isabelle; Bocci, Riccardo; Oehen, Bernadette; Rey, Frédéric; Fasoula, Dionysia; Feher, Judit; Keskitalo, Marjo; Koller, Beate; Omirou, Michalis; Mendes-Moreira, Pedro; van Frank, Gaëlle; Naino, Jika Abdel Kader; Thomas, Mathieu and Rossi, Adanella (2020) Embedding Cultivated Diversity in Society for Agro-Ecological Transition. Sustainability, 12 (784), pp. 1-34.

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Document available online at: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/3/784


Summary

Agroecology calls for a global approach, integrating scientific, practical, and advocacy dimensions, to redesign agricultural systems based on ecological and socio-cultural processes and emphasizing biodiversity. This review is grounded on the results of DIVERSIFOOD, a European H2020 multi-actor research project, and explores the concept of cultivated diversity using various dimensions relevant to foster sustainable organic food systems and agro-ecological transition. From the evaluation of underutilized genetic resources and forgotten crops, DIVERSIFOOD has proposed plant breeding strategies, on-farm experimentation, and statistical tools to create new populations, landraces, and organic cultivars with intra-varietal diversity. The added value of Community Seed Banks and forms of collective seed management in Europe have been described in terms of goals and activities, and their value for improving seed regulations, treaties, and genetic resources management is discussed. In the context of the current agro-food system characterized by standardization, DIVERSIFOOD raised awareness of qualities of ‘biodiverse food systems’ in which all actors have a role to play. It highlighted the critical capacity to preserve a diversity of cultural values embodied in ‘biodiverse products’, thereby involving consumers in collective strategies for reviving diversity,and empowering all actors of organic food systems to really and efficiently implement research within their farms and networks.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:agrobiodiversity, agroecological transition, biodiverse food systems, participatory research, genetic resources, community seed bank, organic plant breeding, multi-actor approach
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
agrobiodiversity
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_37977
English
genetic resources
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3218
English
seed banks (genetics) -> gene banks
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_11116
English
plant breeding
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5956
Subjects: Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Food systems > Produce chain management
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Diversifood
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Society > Agri-food policy
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crops > Seeds and breeding > Seeds
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crops > Seeds and breeding > Varitey testing
France > INRAe - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement
Hungary > Hungarian Research Institute of Organic Agriculture
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:633571
ISSN:2071-1050
DOI:10.3390/su12030784
Deposited By: Csajbók, Edit
ID Code:38400
Deposited On:01 Oct 2020 10:54
Last Modified:19 Sep 2022 13:49
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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