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Focus on the amino acid content of energy feedstuff components (OK-Net Ecofeed Practice Abstract)

{Tool} Focus on the amino acid content of energy feedstuff components (OK-Net Ecofeed Practice Abstract). [Fokus auf den Aminosäuregehalt von Energiefuttermittelbestandteilen.] Creator(s): Vogt-Kaute, Werner and Schmelzer, Elias. Issuing Organisation(s): Öko-Beratungsgesellschaft mbH, Bioland Beratung GmbH. OK-Net Ecofeed Practice Abstract, no. 036. (2020)

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Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/38082


Summary

In the present ration example, the use of oil cake can be reduced from 34.8 % (see Table 1) to 26.1 % (see Table 2). This means that the share of home-grown and regional components can be increased by more than 8 % since the oil content could also be reduced.
Practical recommendation
In proso millet, the methionine content is high, but the lysine content is low. Lysine can be added easily to the ration with grain legumes such as peas, field beans, lupins or soya. The low crude protein of millet is positive, as it is well complemented by the higher crude protein content of other feedstuffs, e.g. grain legumes. Overfeeding crude protein is undesirable as it puts a strain on the animal’s metabolism and leads to excessive nitrogen excretion. Naked oats have a high content of amino acids plus a high fat content so that the use of oil can be reduced. Proso millet and naked oats are crops that are easy to grow in many regions in Central and Southern Europe.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Switching poultry rations from 95 % to 100 % organic feed can lead to a reduction in the use of home-grown and regional feed. Currently, conventional maize gluten and conventional potato protein are replaced by organic oilcake (soya, sunflower, rapeseed, sesame). Oilcake has a comparatively low content of important amino acids such as methionine and so higher proportions of oilcake must be used. This can lead to further reductions in the use of regionally produced and home-grown feed components such as cereals.
What solution does the tool offer?:Energy feedstuff components contain different amounts of amino acids such as methionine. Some grain species have a high methionine content and can grow well in most regions by the farmers themselves. The best examples are proso millet (Panicum milleceum) and naked oats (Avena nuda) followed by spelt, naked barley (Hordeum vulgare L. var. nudum Hook. f.) and buckwheat with all containing higher levels of methionine than wheat or maize. Figures 1 and 2 show the harvest and a field visit as part of the project “Proso millet in poultry feed”
Country:Germany
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:animal husbandry, layer chickens, layers, broiler chickens, broilers, poultry, feeding and ration planning
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
animal husbandry
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8532
English
layer chickens
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_12109
English
broiler chickens
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_9435
English
poultry
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6145
English
feeding
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2838
English
rations
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6461
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Poultry
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed > OK-Net Ecofeed Tools
Germany > Bioland
Germany > Naturland
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:773911
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/38082, https://orgprints.org/38082, https://www.naturland.de, https://www.facebook.com/organicfarmknowledge/photos/a.341364110046066/688317415350732, https://twitter.com/farm_knowledge/status/1268813544256163840
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:38082
Deposited On:29 May 2020 09:27
Last Modified:04 Mar 2021 13:44
Document Language:English, German/Deutsch
Status:Published

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