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Recommendations for using soy-based feedstuffs for poultry production (OK-Net Ecofeed Practice Abstract)

{Tool} Recommendations for using soy-based feedstuffs for poultry production (OK-Net Ecofeed Practice Abstract). [Empfehlungen zur Verwendung von Futtermitteln auf Sojabasis für die Geflügelproduktion.] Creator(s): Lindner, Christopher and Schmelzer, Elias. Issuing Organisation(s): Bioland Beratung. OK-Net Ecofeed Practice Abstract, no. 026. (2020)

[thumbnail of Recommendations for using soy-based feedstuffs for poultry production] PDF - English (Recommendations for using soy-based feedstuffs for poultry production)
[thumbnail of Empfehlungen zur Verwendung von Futtermitteln auf Sojabasis für die Geflügelproduktion] PDF - German/Deutsch (Empfehlungen zur Verwendung von Futtermitteln auf Sojabasis für die Geflügelproduktion)
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Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/37896

Summary in the original language of the document

• Soya can be very well integrated into crop rotation and can cover up to 80 % of the N requirement by inoculating the seed with N-fixing nodule bacteria (Bradyrhizobium japonicum).
• High added value through refinement in own plant. Soya contains a lot of energy and protein. It is very tasty for the animals and easy to digest. The high content of linoleic acid has a positive effect on the egg size of laying hens.
• Dependence on soya imports can be reduced
• The pressed oil can be sold for further use.
Practical recommendation
• Soya toasting and de-oiling is now well established and the process steps are defined (temperature and duration), but availability of mobile soya toasting plants must be ensured.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Soya is one of the most important sources of protein in poultry feeding. However, the high crude protein content alone is not sufficient to meet the special needs of poultry on essential amino acids. They need to be supplemented with other components to get optimal amounts and ratios.
In poultry, the feeding of raw soya beans is not possible due to digestive inhibiting components (trypsin inhibitors), and must be prepared by thermal treatment.
Soya beans have a very high oil content. Full-fat beans can therefore be used in the ration with a maximum of 10 - 12 %. In this case, the methionine-rich components such as corn gluten must also have a low raw fat content. A high raw fat content in the ration can lead to health problems.
What solution does the tool offer?:Toasting, or roasting, the raw bean improves the digestibility and usability of the protein and extends the shelf life of the toasted beans to approximately 6-12 months. Toasting, or roasting, means the deactivation of the anti-nutritional factors (ANF) of the soya bean by heating.
There are different toasting, or roasting, methods with different effects on the quality of the soya. For the mobile solutions (figures 1 and 2), the thermal method is predominantly used.
In order to increase the quantity used from about 10 % to about 20 % in the ration, the soya bean must be de-oiled by pressing, which reduces the crude fat content from about 20 % to about 10 %.
Since synthetic amino acids may not be used in organic farming, the ration must be supplemented with components with a high methionine content. In 100% organic rations (check Table 1) rice protein or methionine-rich oil cakes such as sesame cake and sunflower cake are used for this purpose. Especially in oil cakes, the ingredients are subject to strong fluctuations. It is recommended to use several components. This reduces the influence of individual components on the total ration. Alternatively, a protein supplement can be used, which can also be individually mixed by the feed mills if sufficient quantities are required.
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:animal husbandry, poultry, feeds, feedstuffs, soybeans, legumes, soya, feed processing, harvested feed
Agrovoc keywords:
animal husbandry
feed processing
layer chickens
broiler chickens
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Poultry
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed > OK-Net Ecofeed Tools
Germany > Bioland
European Union > Organic Farm Knowledge
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:773911
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/37896, https://orgprints.org/37896, https://www.bioland.de, https://www.facebook.com/organicfarmknowledge/photos/a.341364110046066/687840778731729, https://twitter.com/farm_knowledge/status/1268572323126353920
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:37896
Deposited On:29 May 2020 09:11
Last Modified:02 May 2024 10:32
Document Language:English, German/Deutsch

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