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Explaining the global spatial distribution of organic crop producers

Malek, Z; Tieskens, K.F. and Verburg, P.H. (2019) Explaining the global spatial distribution of organic crop producers. Agricultural Systems, 176, p. 102680.

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Document available online at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2019.102680


Organic farming has been proposed as a feasible way to reduce the environmental impacts of agriculture, provide better products to consumers, and improve farmers' income. How organic farmers are distributed worldwide, however, remains unknown. Using publicly accessible registries of organic crop farmers we mapped their distribution globally and related it to local socio-economic, climatic, and soil characteristics. We show that organic crop farmers are mostly present in areas with favorable socio-economic and climatic conditions, both globally but also within countries. Within developed countries, the locations of organic crop farmers often do not differ significantly from the locations of conventional crop farmers. In developing countries, there are, however, larger differences and organic crop farmers concentrate in the more accessible and developed regions. Our results suggest that crop farmers in poor areas may not have sufficient access to certification and markets. To promote the spread of organic farming, certification and other incentives could target farmers in areas with lower market access and higher levels of poverty which could improve value chains for organic products in these areas.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Organic farmingSustainable agricultureMarket accessSpatial analysisGlobal farm distribution
Subjects: Food systems > Markets and trade
Food systems > Policy environments and social economy
Environmental aspects > Landscape and recreation
Research affiliation: Netherlands
Netherlands > Other organizations
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:311819
Deposited By: Malek, Dr Ziga
ID Code:36819
Deposited On:18 Nov 2019 16:26
Last Modified:18 Nov 2019 16:26
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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