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Phosphorus availability on many organically managed farms in Europe

Cooper, Julia; Reed, Eleanor Y.; Hörtenhuber, Stefan Josef; Lindenthal, Thomas; Løes, Anne-Kristin; Mäder, Paul; Magid, Jakob; Oberson, Astrid; Kolbe, Hartmut and Möller, Kurt (2018) Phosphorus availability on many organically managed farms in Europe. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 110, pp. 227-239.

[thumbnail of Cooper et al 2017 NCAES.pdf]
PDF - Published Version - English

Document available online at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10705-017-9894-2?wt_mc=Internal.Event.1.SEM.ArticleAuthorOnlineFirst


Maintaining sufficient soil phosphorus (P) levels for non-limiting crop growth is challenging in organic systems since off-farm inputs of P are restricted. This study assessed the status of P on organic farms in Europe using soil test results for extractable P. Data was obtained from published literature, unpublished theses, and various national and regional databases of soil test values. Most of the data (15,506 observations) came from field scale soil tests, but in some cases (1272 observations) values had been averaged across a farm. Farm scale and field scale data were analysed separately and the impact of farm type (arable, dairy, grassland, horticulture, mixed, poultry, unknown) was assessed. Soil test results were assigned to P classes from very low (P class 1) to very high (P class 5). The farm scale data came primarily from Norway, Sweden and Switzerland and did not indicate deficiencies in extractable P; 93% of farms fell into class 3 or above. The majority of the field scale data came from Germany and indicated sufficient or higher levels of P availability for arable and grassland systems on 60% of fields; the remaining fields had low or very low available P. Adaptations in organic systems may improve P uptake and utilization efficiency allowing yields to be maintained in the short-term, nevertheless there is cause for concern about the long-term P sustainability of some organic farming systems in Europe. This highlights the need to reassess allowable P inputs in organic farming systems to improve overall sustainability.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Soil test P; Organic agriculture; Ecological agriculture; Agroecology; Phosphorous; Agricultural sustainability
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality
Soil > Nutrient turnover
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic II > IMPROVE-P
Austria > FiBL Austria
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil
Norway > NORSØK - Norwegian Centre for Organic Agriculture
UK > Univ. Newcastle
Related Links:https://www.norsok.no/prosjekter/2016/forbedret-effektivitet-av-fosforressursene-i-okologisk-landbruk-gjennom-resirkulering-og-biologisk-mobilisering, https://improve-p.uni-hohenheim.de/en
Deposited By: Løes, Anne-Kristin
ID Code:32707
Deposited On:01 Mar 2018 07:10
Last Modified:12 Jan 2021 10:21
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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