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No-till cultivation of maize in rolled forage peas (OK-Net Arable Practice Abstract)

{Tool} No-till cultivation of maize in rolled forage peas (OK-Net Arable Practice Abstract). [Direktsaat von Mais in gewalzte Futtererbse.] Creator(s): Dierauer, Hansueli; Siegrist, Franziska and Weidmann, Gilles. Issuing Organisation(s): FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture. OK-Net Arable Practice Abstract, no. 005. (2017)

[thumbnail of No-till cultivation of maize in  rolled  forage peas]
PDF - English (No-till cultivation of maize in rolled forage peas)
[thumbnail of Direktsaat von Mais in gewalzte Futtererbse]
PDF - German/Deutsch (Direktsaat von Mais in gewalzte Futtererbse)
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Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/31020/

Summary in the original language of the document

The non-tilled, constantly covered soil has improved water retention and also shows a better carrying capacity during harvest, and is less affected by weed infestation, compaction, nutrient-leaching, and erosion. Stockless farms especially benefit from the nitrogen input of the legume-green manure.
• At the beginning of August, carry out 1 to 2 stubble-tillage operations after cereal or rape harvest.
• Sow the wintering forage peas in October.
• At the end of May, kink the peas' stems with a knife-cylinder roller, after which you drill in the maize with row cleaners. The green manure lying on the ground must be properly dried off for sowing.
• The mineralisation performance, lowered due to the soil cover, can be compensated for with focused nitrogen fertilisation in the rows.

Summary translation

Der unbearbeitete, stets gedeckte Boden kann Boden- und Regenwasser besser speichern, weist eine bessere Tragfähigkeit bei der Ernte auf und neigt weniger zu Verunkrautung, Verdichtung, Nährstoffauswaschung und Erosion. Vor allem viehlose Betriebe profitieren zusätzlich vom Stickstoffeintrag der Leguminosen-Gründüngung.
• Nach der Getreide- oder Rapsernte Anfang August 1-2 Stoppelbearbeitungen durchführen.
• Im Oktober die überwinternde Futtererbse aussäen.
• Ende Mai mit einer Messerwalze die Stängel der Erbse knicken und anschliessend den Mais mit Räumern eindrillen. Die am Boden liegende Gründüngung muss für die Saat gut abgetrocknet sein.
• Die aufgrund der Bodenbedeckung geringere Mineralisierungsleistung des Bodens kann mit einer gezielten Stickstoffdüngung in die Reihen kompensiert werden.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Tilling the maize crop leads to soil compaction and reduces soil quality, which can have a negative impact upon the growing conditions of subsequent crops. No-till processes are soil-conserving, but highly challenging in organic farming.
What solution does the tool offer?:For the conservation of soil quality, no-till maize cultivation in a rolled green manure has proved to be successful in practical trials by FiBL. The use of lush peas (EFB33 peas) is recommended as they almost stop growing after being rolled, and cover the soil well. With the mulching process, the trials achieved crop yields virtually equal to the ploughing method.
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Location:In European maize-cultivation areas with soils that are not too heavy
Theme:Crop specific
Keywords:arable farming, crop management, direct sowing
Keywords:arable farming, crop management, direct sowing
Agrovoc keywords:
arable farming
direct sowing
cropping systems
crop management
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Soil tillage
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net Arable > OK-Net-Arable Tools
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Knowledge exchange > Advice
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Sustainability > Climate
European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net Arable
European Union > Organic Farm Knowledge
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:652654
Related Links:http://farmknowledge.org/, http://www.bioaktuell.ch/pflanzenbau/ackerbau/bodenbearbeitung.html, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/31020
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:31020
Deposited On:13 Jan 2017 10:45
Last Modified:02 May 2024 10:31
Document Language:English, German/Deutsch

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