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Sustainability assessment and complementarity

Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted and Noe, Egon (2016) Sustainability assessment and complementarity. Ecology and Society, 21 (1), p. 30.

[thumbnail of Alrøe, H. F., and E. Noe. 2016. Sustainability assessment and complementarity. Ecology and Society 21(1).pdf]
PDF - Published Version - English

Document available online at: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol21/iss1/art30/


Sustainability assessments bring together different perspectives that pertain to sustainability to produce overall assessments, and a wealth of approaches and tools have been developed in the past decades. However, two major problems remain. The problem of integration concerns the surplus of possibilities for integration; different tools produce different assessments. The problem of implementation concerns the barrier between assessment and transformation; assessments do not lead to the expected changes in practice. We aim to analyze issues of complementarity in sustainability assessment and transformation as a key to better handling the problems of integration and implementation. Based on a generalization of Niels Bohr’s complementarity from quantum mechanics, we have identified two forms of complementarity in sustainability assessment, observer stance complementarity and value complementarity. Unlike many other problems of sustainability assessment, complementarity is of a fundamental character connected to the very conditions for observation. Therefore, complementarity cannot be overcome methodologically, only handled better or worse. Science is essential to the societal goal of sustainability, but these issues of complementarity impede the constructive role of science in the transition to more sustainable structures and practices in food systems. The agencies of sustainability assessment and transformation need to be acutely aware of the importance of different perspectives and values and the complementarities that may be connected to these differences. An improved understanding of complementarity can help to better recognize and handle issues of complementarity. These deliberations have relevance not only for sustainability assessment, but more generally for transdisciplinary research on wicked problems.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:complementarity; food system sustainability; implementation; indexation; integration; multicriteria assessment; Niels Bohr; perspectivism; sustainability transformation; sustainability transition
Subjects: Values, standards and certification > Assessment of impacts and risks
Knowledge management > Research methodology and philosophy
Research affiliation: Denmark > Organic RDD 1 > MultiTrust
Denmark > AU - Aarhus University > Faculty of Science and Technology > Department of Agroecology
Deposited By: Alrøe, PhD Hugo Fjelsted
ID Code:29962
Deposited On:30 Mar 2016 08:00
Last Modified:30 Mar 2016 08:00
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:Synthesis, part of a special feature on Multicriteria Assessment of Food System Sustainability

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