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Combination of Imaging Infrared Spectroscopy and X-ray Computed Microtomography for the Investigation of Bio-and Physicochemical processes in Structured Soils

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Lucas, Maik; Pihlap, Evelin; Steffens, Markus; Vetterlein, Doris and Kögel-Knabner, Ingrid (2020) Combination of Imaging Infrared Spectroscopy and X-ray Computed Microtomography for the Investigation of Bio-and Physicochemical processes in Structured Soils. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 8 (42), pp. 1-13.

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Online at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2020.00042/full

Summary

Soil is a heterogeneous mixture of various organic and inorganic parent materials. Major soil functions are driven by their quality, quantity and spatial arrangement, resulting in soil structure. Physical protection of organic matter (OM) in this soil structure is considered as a vital mechanism for stabilizing organic carbon turnover, an important soil function in times of climate change. Herein, we present a technique for the correlative analysis of 2D imaging visible light near-infrared spectroscopy and 3D X-ray computed microtomography (mCT) to investigate the interplay of biogeochemical properties and soil structure in undisturbed soil samples. Samples from the same substrate but different soil management and depth (no-tilled topsoil, tilled topsoil and subsoil) were compared in order to evaluate this method in a diversely structured soil. Imaging spectroscopy is generally used to qualitatively and quantitatively identify OM with high spatial resolution, whereas 3D X-ray mCT provides high resolution information on pore characteristics. The unique combination of these techniques revealed that, in undisturbed samples, OM can be found mainly at greater distances from macropores and close to biopores. However, alterations were observed because of disturbances by tillage. The correlative application of imaging infrared spectroscopic and X-ray mCT analysis provided new insights into the biochemical processes affected by soil structural changes.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:correlative imagine, X-ray CT, imaging Vis-NIR, soil structure, OM
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality
Knowledge management > Research methodology and philosophy > Specific methods > Indicators and other value-laden measures
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil Sciences
Germany > University of Munich - TUM
Estonia
Germany > Other organizations
DOI:doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2020.00042
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:37956
Deposited On:06 May 2020 12:21
Last Modified:06 May 2020 12:21
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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